Excess Values for Cooperative Games with Transferable Utilities and Double Consistent Allocation Methods
The processing of probabilistically uncertain knowledge patterns in intellectual decision support systems falls into three kinds of probabilistic-logic inference, such as reconciliation, a priori and a posteriori inference. The paper presents formulae that allow for putting the process down in terms of matrix-vector language.
Development of the questionnaire “People and plants” aimed at assessing individual variety in person’s interaction with the plant world. The method’s relevancy for studies on the restorative function of the natural environment is substantiated. 732 respondents participated in the study (Mage = 19.1, SDage = 2.1, 549 female, 137 male, 46 did not indicate their gender). The questionnaire includes 32 statements measured on a four-point scale, and five sub-scales: Joy, Esthetics, Practice, Closeness to nature, and Ecology. The new tool has satisfactory psychometric characteristics (retest reliability and consistency) and convergent validity, verified by comparison with questionnaires Nature connectedness and Environmental identity. Gender differences are found: all scores except Practice are higher in the female group. The questionnaire can be recommended for research, educational and psycho-developmental programs.
A collection of TU games solutions intermediate between the prekernel and the prenucleolus is considered. All these solutions are Davis-Maschler consistent, symmetric and covariant. Each solution from the collection is parametrized by a positive integer k such that for all games with the number of players not greater than k, the solution for parameter k coincides with the prenucleolus, and for games with more than k players it is maximal, i.e. it satisfies the "k-converse consistency". The properties of solutions are described and their characterization in terms of balancedness is given.
Inconsistency of business processes can affect company profits and lead to the loss of regular customers and reputation in the market. Well managed business process has one key distinctive feature – a consistency. Checking the consistency of business process helps to reveal hidden bugs in the process model, but requires considerable labor costs and analytics. We compared two approaches to verifying consistency. The first approach is based on generating object life cycles for each object type used in process and supported by special tool as an extension for IBM WebSphere Business Modeler. Another one is a proposition to use DEMO methodology for verifying consistency. The results of research show that DEMO methodology enables significantly reduce labor costs and improve quality of analyze
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.