Do Wages Grow with Experience? Deciphering the Russian Puzzle
IZA Discussion Paper. IZA , 2022. No. 15068.
The study explores how wages grow with experience in the Russian Federation. In all available cross-sectional data, the trajectory of the observed wage–experience profile is flat, peaks early, and declines sharply afterwards. This shape looks puzzling since it differs starkly from that observed in both developed and developing countries. We show that a proper interpretation of the wage–experience profile is hindered by the APC problem, when the effects of time, cohort, and experience are mixed. Our study uses data from the RLMSHSE household survey covering the years 2000-2019. Relying on human capital theory, we apply a procedure suggested by Heckman et al. (1998) and advanced in Lagakos et al. (2018) to disentangle the APC effects. With certain assumptions concerning human capital depreciation due to aging, our results show that Russian wages do grow monotonically with experience. However, this growth is partially offset by the cohort effect that that proceeds in the opposite direction, thus reflecting massive depreciation of the human capital of workers from older cohorts. Meanwhile, the time effect mirrors the general GDP path as well as all booms and busts over the period.
Межрегиональные различия в оплате труда в России: роль долгосрочных структурных факторов / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP3 "Проблемы рынка труда". 2019. № WP3/2019/08.
This study analyses wage diff erentials between Russian regions. We focus on two long-term factors shaping them: diff erent regional economic structures and living conditions. To examine the role of these factors we use micro-data from the Rosstat’s enterprise sample surveys conducted in 2005–2015, combined with data from the aggregated regional-level statistics. By estimating mincer-type ...
Added: December 27, 2019
Производительность и оплата труда: немного простой арифметики / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP3 "Проблемы рынка труда". 2014. № 01.
Работа посвящена анализу соотношения между динамикой производительности труда и динамикой его оплаты в российской экономике и является продолжением более раннего исследования, строившегося на данных за 1997–2007 гг. В фокусе обсуждения – вопрос о том, какими в условиях кризиса 2008–2009 гг. и последующих лет были траектории изменения производительности и оплаты труда. Автор приходит к выводу, что ...
Added: October 20, 2014
Вопросы экономики 2018 № 12 С. 121-138
In this paper we present the results of the assessment of the impact of in-ternal migration and human capital of migrants on the convergence of regions on wages. Using Rosstat data 2002-2016 for 77 Russian Regions we estimated dynamic GMM model with spatial effects. The results showed that internal mi-gration increases the speed of convergence ...
Added: October 4, 2018
Вестник федерального бюджетного учреждения "Государственная регистрационная палата при Министерстве юстиции Российской Федерации" 2013 № 1 С. 26-34
Foreign direct investment provides receiving companies with not only capital necessary for their development but with modern manufacturing technologies and management experience. The article covers investment made into Russian before the financial crisis had begun and after that. Their volume and dynamics are analyzed in comparison with the other BRIC countries i.e. Brazil, Russia, India, ...
Added: September 13, 2013
Вопросы экономики 2020 № 11 С. 86-112
This study analyzes wage differentials between Russian regions, focusing on two long-term factors shaping them: different regional economic structures and different living conditions. To examine the role of these factors we use microdata from the Rosstat’s enterprise sample surveys conducted in 2005—2015, combined with data from the aggregated regional-level statistics. By estimating mincer-type wage equations extended with regional-level variables we ...
Added: October 17, 2020
Journal for Labour Market Research 2012 Vol. 45 No. 1 P. 23-39
This paper examines wage differentials between permanent/non-permanent and full-time/part-time employees. The analysis is based on the representative Household Survey of Welfare dataset, collected by Rosstat and the World Bank in 2003. The results show that non-permanent workers suffer a loss in wages while part-timers earn more per hour than full-timers, but the wage gap diminishes ...
Added: November 10, 2012
Экономическая социология 2016 Т. 17 № 2 С. 21-49
The police force is the crucial pillar of safety and order in a country. Work in the police is considered to be risky, highly demanding, and very responsible. Both government and society expect excellent work from police officers. A country’s development defines the development of its institutions, including the police, which is why many transition economies went through police reforms ...
Added: June 6, 2016
Журнал институциональных исследований 2018 Т. 10 № 4 С. 78-96
How do firms decide between different strategies for acquiring highly skilled workers? Existing theory on firms’ training strategies is premised on the ability of firms to solve a fundamental commitment problem, which retards cooperation between firms and other actors. Only with a strong civil society – employers’ associations and labor unions –or free, transparent and ...
Added: January 29, 2019
Друкеровский вестник 2016 № 3 С. 70-77
Статья посвящена исследованию влияния продолжительности обучения в странах мира на их основные макроэкономические показатели. Оценивается эластичность объема валового внутреннего продукта по запасам человеческого и физического капитала для различных стран мира. Продолжительность обучения используется как мера человеческого капитала, что позволяет использовать функцию Кобба-Дугласа для оценки отдачи от образования. ...
Added: October 24, 2016
Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2019 № 2 С. 185-237
The study considers the evolution of wages of Russian workers over their life cycle. There is a large stock of evidence for developed countries that wages grow over age monotonically though with diminishing rate. Wage declines, if they take place, occur late in working life and are not large in magnitude. This shape of the profile is considered ...
Added: July 8, 2019
Уровень жизни населения регионов России 2015 № 2 С. 72-80
The article based on data of the author’s social survey investigates, which components of human capital that characterize innovative potential of the worker, bring him an additional reward on the regional labor market, and which of them are undervalued; what are the differences in such additional reward of men and women; the possible reasons of ...
Added: July 16, 2015
The Returns to Training in Russia: A Difference-in-Differences Analysis / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2014. No. 56.
This paper investigates the wage return to job-related training using a difference-in-differences estimator to control for unmeasured differences in ability and measured differences in past wages as a proxy for ability and motivation. Estimates use data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey HSE from 2004 to 2011. As predicted, positive returns to training are identified, ...
Added: April 15, 2014
The Changing Capabilities of Cohorts of the Elderly in Russia during 1990–2020: Measurement using a Quantitative Index
Journal of Population Ageing 2018 Vol. 11 No. 2 P. 153-208
Russia has had a high elderly share of its population like the OECD countries, but has had a more turbulent history over the past 100 years, which has caused fluctuations in the capabilities of those turning 60 (measured by education and training, income, enabling environment, medical care, and health status). This article analyses the life experiences ...
Added: May 23, 2017
М.: ИМЭМО РАН, 2016
The collection of extended analytical reports presented at the international conference of young scholars “Transformation of World Energy: Market Mechanisms and State Policy” organized by Center of Energy Studies, IMEMO RAN and Faculty of International Energy Business, Gubkin Russian State Oil and Gas University in April, 2016. Undergraduate and postgraduate students of leading Russian universities ...
Added: August 31, 2016
Концепция «продовольственных режимов» как модель объяснения стратегий аграрного развития (на примере России и Бразилии)
Вестник Российского университета дружбы народов. Серия: Социология 2019 Т. 19 № 2 С. 261-276
The ‘food regime’ approach was introduced as a historical method of “incorporated comparison” (P. McMichael). This comparison of the role of agriculture in the world-system made some scholars overemphasize an excessively unitary and coherent global food regime. The authors recognize this approach as a historical-comparative analytical tool to understand global trends, but argue that the Russian and Brazilian agrarian ...
Added: June 24, 2019
М.: ИНИОН РАН, 2004
Added: January 27, 2017
Разрешение торговых конфликтов во Всемирной торговой организации: экономическое и правовое значение для России
СПб.: ИД "Троицкий мост", 2021
The monograph is devoted to the resolution of trade and economic disputes in the WTO. Attention is drawn to the peculiarities and effectiveness of Russia's participation as a plaintiff, defendant and the third party in emerging interstate trade conflicts. An attempt is made to show the importance of the WTO's activities in resolving trade and ...
Added: June 11, 2021
Экономика, статистика и информатика. Вестник УМО 2010 № 2 С. 86-91
Questions of differentiation of the population on a level of incomes in Republic Mary El are considered. Parameters of a variation and structure of the basic monetary incomes are analyses. Classification of administrative areas on the parameters describing incomes of the population is lead. The analysis of territorial distinctions of the population on levels of ...
Added: October 30, 2012
Russian cyclical indicators and their usefulness in real time: An experience of the 2008-09 recession
Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis 2014 No. 1 P. 103-128
This report investigates the predictability of cyclical turning points in Russia. For years, anyone interested in Russia had access to a full set of common tools for business cycle analysis, such as several composite leading indicators, a purchasing managers’ index, enterprise and consumer sentiment indexes, and so on. However, the 2008-09 world financial crisis spread ...
Added: July 18, 2014
Мировая экономика и международные отношения 2019 Т. 63 № 12 С. 32-41
The unemployment benefits system is one of the most important labour market institutions, smoothing the decline in consumption due to job loss and providing the unemployed with time for job search. However, the size of payments and their duration can also have a number of serious negative consequences for the labour market associated with the ...
Added: October 21, 2019
Global challenges and trends in agriculture: impacts on Russia and possible strategies for adaptation
Foresight 2017 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 218-250
Purpose – This paper aims to analyse the mainstream and emerging global challenges and trends in the global agriculture sector. The analysis leads to a discussion on the present state of the Russian agroindustry and possible future strategies for adaptation in the context of the rapidly changing global environment. Design/methodology/approach – The design of this study is based on the ...
Added: June 23, 2017
М.: Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017
В аналитическом докладе представлены результаты форсайт-проекта «Исследование глобальных вызовов и долгосрочных тенденций инновационного развития в сфере возобновляемых источников энергии», проведенного ИСИЭЗ НИУ ВШЭ при информационной и финансовой поддержке Группы компаний «Ренова». Исследование было сфокусировано на трех тематических областях: преобразование энергии солнца в электрическую; преобразование энергии ветра в электрическую; преобразование энергетической биомассы в тепловую и электрическую энергию. ...
Added: April 4, 2017
Problems of Economic Transition 2010 Vol. 53 No. 3 P. 69-95
The article considers different approaches, all based on detailed statistical data, to determine which industries and commodities have high, medium, or low sensitivity to exchange rate fluctuations. The authors conclude that any exchange rate policy is an inappropriate tool to influence the structure of Russian economy. ...
Added: April 12, 2013
State-controlled "national champions" of the Russian banking market: Concentration, competitiveness, and efficiency
State-controlled "national champions" of the Russian banking market: Concentration, competitiveness, and efficiency / Social Science Research Network. Series "SSRN Working Paper Series". 2013. No. 2223686.
This paper tries to assess some of the effects from industrial policy of growing state-controlled "national champions" in the Russian banking industry. We look at market concentration and competitiveness and average bank efficiency. A modified method of calculating the indicators of market concentration suggests that main segments of the market have crossed the threshold of high ...
Added: February 25, 2013