The effect of categorical superiority in subsequent search misses
Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ , 2020. No. 119.
Olga Rubtsova, Elena Gorbunova
Subsequent search misses refer to the decrease in accuracy of second target detection in dual-target visual search. One of the theoretical explanations of SSM errors is similarity bias – the tendency to search for similar targets and to miss the dissimilar ones. The current study focuses on both perceptual and categorical similarity and their individual roles in SSM. Three experiments investigated the role of perceptual and categorical similarity in subsequent search misses, wherein perceptual and categorical similarity were manipulated separately, and task relevance was controlled. The role of both perceptual and categorical similarity was revealed, however, the categorical similarity had greater impact on second target detection.
, , Acta Psychologica 2021 Vol. 219 Article 103375
Subsequent search misses (SSM) refer to the decrease in accuracy of second target detection in dual-target visual search. One of the theoretical explanations of SSM errors is similarity bias – the tendency to search for similar targets and to miss the dissimilar ones. The current study focuses on both perceptual and categorical similarity and their ...
Added: August 8, 2021
, Современная зарубежная психология 2020 Т. 9 № 2 С. 107-116
В статье описываются основные результаты современных зарубежных исследований с модификациями классических задач зрительного поиска, а также предлагается классификация таких модификаций. Суть зрительного поиска состоит в поиске целевых стимулов среди дистракторов, при этом стандартная задача предполагает поиск одного целевого стимула, который, как правило, является простым объектом. Модификации стандартной задачи могут включать в себя присутствие на экране ...
Added: July 6, 2020
, , et al., Frontiers in Psychology 2019 No. 10 P. 1-15
Added: February 22, 2021
, Экспериментальная психология 2017 Т. 10 № 1 С. 38-52
The article investigated the role of spatial working memory in visual search for multiple targets, in particular, in subsequent search misses effect. This phenomenon is the second target omission after the first target has been found in visual search task. One of the theoretical interpretations of subsequent search misses is the lack of resources (attention ...
Added: January 26, 2017
, Journal of Vision 2016 Vol. 16 No. 12 P. 39-39
The visual search for multiple targets can cause errors called subsequent search misses (SSM) – a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found (e.g. Adamo, Cain, & Mitroff, 2013). One of the possible explanations is perceptual set. After the first target is found, the subject becomes biased ...
Added: September 15, 2016
, , Вопросы психологии 2016 № 5 С. 126-134
The paper looks at the role of working memory in the effect of “misses in continued search”. The effect consists in missing thesecond target stimulus after a successful detection of the first in a visual search task. One of the theories links the effect to the fact that the detected first stimulus exhausts the resource ...
Added: September 27, 2016
, , Psychology in Russia: State of the Art 2022 Vol. 15 No. 4 P. 140-158
Background. Incidental findings are items of visual search that are potentially of significance, but were not the main object of the initial search. They have been previously widely discussed in the field of radiology. However, the underlying perceptual mechanisms of such phenomenon are still unclear. Objective. The current study aims to examine incidental findings in different ...
Added: January 25, 2023
, Acta Psychologica 2017 Vol. 173 P. 46-54
Visual search for multiple targets can cause errors called subsequent search misses (SSM) – a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found. One of the possible explanations of SSM errors is perceptual set. After the first target has been found, the subject becomes biased to find perceptually ...
Added: September 27, 2016
, , Frontiers in Psychology 2020 Vol. 11 P. 1-14
Three experiments investigated the role of target-target perceptual similarity within the attentional blink (AB). Various geometric shapes were presented in a rapid serial visual presentation task. Targets could have 2, 1 or 0 shared features. Features included shape and size. The second target was presented after five or six different lags after the first target. ...
Added: November 30, 2020
, , et al., Frontiers in Psychology 2019 Vol. 10 P. 1-15
Visual search (VS) for multiple targets is especially error prone. One of these errors is called subsequent search misses (SSM) and represents a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found. One of the possible explanations of SSM errors is working memory (WM) resource depletion. Three experiments investigated ...
Added: August 20, 2019
, , Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2022 Vol. 19 No. 4 P. 725-735
Incidental findings defined as valuable findings that are not searched purposely by the experts were originally discovered by radiologists. Despite the importance and great practical value of this phenomenon for visual search, it was almost not studied by cognitive psychologists and vision science experts. The current study aimed to examine experimentally incidental findings in visual ...
Added: December 15, 2022
, Методология и история психологии 2012 № 4
В статье обсуждаются исследования внимания в когнитивной психологии, освещается роль метафор в развитии этих исследований, анализируется переход от парадигмы фильтрации к парадигме селективной установки, обсуждаются проблемы объектно-ориентированного и пространственно-ориентированного внимания, взаимодействия восходящих и нисходящих процессов в обработке зрительной информации, описываются активно разворачивающиеся в последние годы исследования зрительного поиска и феноменов функциональной слепоты по причине невнимания, ...
Added: January 17, 2013
, , et al., Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2020 Vol. 13 No. 71 P. 1-25
Background: Subcultures often develop distinct fashion style, which eventually becomes their “trademark” and represents the culture. In post-soviet countries, “gopniks” are one of the most prominent subcultures that is also present in popular media. Nevertheless, it is unknown to which extent the established image of “gopniks” in common knowledge can influence low-level perceptual processes such ...
Added: June 30, 2020
The influence of selection modality, display dynamics and error feedback on patterns of human foraging
, Visual Cognition 2019 Vol. 27 No. 5-8 P. 626-648
In previous studies, we have used an iPad task to explore how humans “forage” through static displays containing multiple targets from two categories. When demands on attention were increased, foraging patterns tended to shift from random category selection to exhaustive category selection. Here, we used the same task on a vertically oriented touch-screen. In separate ...
Added: May 30, 2020
, , , Journal of Vision 2020 Vol. 20 No. 8 P. 1-22
Knowledge of target features can guide attention in many conjunction searches in a top-down manner. For example, in search of a red vertical line among blue vertical and red horizontal lines, observers can guide attention toward all red items and all vertical items. In typical conjunction searches, distractors often form perceptually vivid, categorical groups of ...
Added: September 7, 2020
, , et al., Attention, Perception and Psychophysics 2017 Vol. 79 No. 2 P. 473-483
Binocular rivalry is a phenomenon of visual competition in which perception alternates between two monocular images. When two eye’s images only differ in luminance, observers may perceive shininess, a form of rivalry called binocular luster. Does dichoptic information guide attention in visual search? Wolfe and Franzel (1988) reported that rivalry could guide attention only weakly ...
Added: October 16, 2016
, Культурно-историческая психология 2012 № 3 С. 3-11
В статье представлен анализ современных исследований зрительного внимания как высшей психической функции в когнитивной психологии. Особый акцент делается на проблеме опосредствованности перцептивного внимания. В частности, рассматривается такая форма опосредствования, как использование зрительного контекста и представления об общей структуре слова в качестве средства, повышающего эффективность опознания буквенного стимула в задачах на внимание. На основании результатов собственных ...
Added: January 17, 2013
, Вестник Ярославского государственного университета им. П.Г. Демидова. Серия Гуманитарные науки 2014 № 2 С. 101-106
The article covers the main findings on the left-right visual field asymmetry in various tasks (simple stimulus detection, visual search, multiple object tracking, masked presentation, crowding, etc.). The problem of lexical information processing in the right and left visual hemifields and also the issue of brain mechanisms of lexical information processing are raised. The author ...
Added: April 28, 2015
, , Journal of Vision 2019 Vol. 19 No. 10 P. 105b-105b
It has been shown that multiple objects can be efficiently represented as ensemble summary statistics, such as the average. Recently, Kanaya et al. (2018) demonstrated the amplification effect in the perception of average. Their participants judged the mean size or temporal frequency of ensembles, and they tended to exaggerate their estimates, especially larger set sizes. ...
Added: January 27, 2020
, , , The Russian Journal of Cognitive Science 2019 P. 1-10
Approximately twenty years ago, Laurent Itti and Christof Koch created a model of saliency in visual attention in an attempt to recreate the work of biological pyramidal neurons by mimicking neurons with centre-surround receptive fields. The Saliency Model has launched many studies that contributed to the understanding of layers of vision and the sphere of ...
Added: October 21, 2019
, , et al., Cognition 2020 Vol. 194 P. 1-13
Visual search tasks play a key role in theories of visual attention. But single-target search tasks may provide only a snapshot of attentional orienting. Foraging tasks with multiple targets of different types arguably provide a closer analogy to everyday attentional processing. Set-size effects have in the literature formed the basis for inferring how attention operates ...
Added: June 24, 2020
, , Visual Cognition 2019 Vol. 27 No. 5-8 P. 595-608
It is commonly assumed that we find targets faster if we know what they look like. Such top-down guidance plays an important role in theories of visual attention. A recent provocative proposal is that effects attributed to top-down guidance instead reflect attentional priming. Theeuwes and van der Burg [(2011). On the limits of top-down control ...
Added: June 24, 2020
, , The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 2020
A vast amount of research has been carried out to understand how humans visually search for targets in their environment. However, this research has typically involved search for one unique target among several distractors. Although this line of research has yielded important insights into the basic characteristics of how humans explore their visual environment, this ...
Added: June 24, 2020
, , Advances in Cognitive Psychology 2019 No. 2 P. 75-88
The current study investigated the relationships between attention, word processing, and visual field asymmetries. There is a discussion on whether each brain hemisphere possesses its own attentional resources and on how attention allocation depends on hemispheric lateralization of functions. We used stimuli with lateralized processing in an attentional task presented across the two visual hemifields. ...
Added: May 29, 2019