The paper applies Looking Forward Approach to analyze the world oil market with the framework of a differential game model of quantity competition oligopoly. Namely Looking Forward Approach is used to take into account dynami- cally updating information. Under the information we understand the forecast of the oil demand dynamics. We focus on the period from December 2015 to November 2016 and suppose that during this time interval countries did not cooperate offi- cially on the amounts of oil to be produced. Therefore, their behavior can be mod- eled using the non-cooperative game model. As a solution concept for this conflict- controlled process we use feedback Nash equilibrium. In order to define the pa- rameters of model open source data is used, results of numerical simulations and comparison with the historical data are presented.
Cooperative game theory instruments application to the corporate finance M&A research issues provide an ability to extend the field considered and conclusions obtained. The paper presents the M&A cooperative games modeling and its empirical implementation to analyze the airline strategic alliance as M&A deal.
Game theory has recently become a useful tool for modeling and studying various networks. The past decade has witnessed a huge explosion of interest in issues that intersect networks and game theory. With the rapid growth of data traffic, from any kind of devices and networks, game theory is requiring more intelligent transformation. Game theory is called to play a key role in the design of new generation networks that are distributed, self-organizing, cooperative, and intelligent. This book consists of invited and technical papers of GAMENETS 2018, and contributed chapters on game theoretic applications such as networks, social networks, and smart grid.
The authors investigate behavioural assumptions underlying the normal performance of market economy. It is assumed that a model of man adequate for market economy can be deduced from the ideal-typical properties of the latter. The main components of such model are rationality and morality. Main ethical categories relevant for market economy are analyzed: trust, justice, equality, virtues, freedom as well as their treatment in modern economics. Behavioural properties specifi c for modern Russian economy are discussed.
In this paper, we want to introduce experimental economics to the field of data mining and vice versa. It continues related work on mining deterministic behavior rules of human subjects in data gathered from experiments. Game-theoretic predictions partially fail to work with this data. Equilibria also known as game-theoretic predictions solely succeed with experienced subjects in specific games – conditions, which are rarely given. Contemporary experimental economics offers a number of alternative models apart from game theory. In relevant literature, these models are always biased by philosophical plausibility considerations and are claimed to fit the data. An agnostic data mining approach to the problem is introduced in this paper – the philosophical plausibility considerations follow after the correlations are found. No other biases are regarded apart from determinism. The dataset of the paper “Social Learning in Networks” by Choi et al 2012 is taken for evaluation. As a result, we come up with new findings. As future work, the design of a new infrastructure is discussed.
In this research, the social behavior of the participants in a Prisoner's Dilemma laboratory game is explained on the basis of the quantal response equilibrium concept and the representation of the game in Markov strategies. In previous research, we demonstrated that social interaction during the experiment has a positive influence on cooperation, trust, and gratefulness. This research shows that the quantal response equilibrium concept agrees only with the results of experiments on cooperation in Prisoner’s Dilemma prior to social interaction. However, quantal response equilibrium does not explain of participants’ behavior after social interaction. As an alternative theoretical approach, an examination was conducted of iterated Prisoner's Dilemma game in Markov strategies. We built a totally mixed Nash equilibrium in this game; the equilibrium agrees with the results of the experiments both before and after social interaction.
This volume comprises the proceedings of the IX Moscow International Conference on Operations Research (ORМ 2018 – Germeyer100) in the scope of fundamental research and applications of decision-making theory under uncertainty, operations research in multiple areas as well as numerical methods of operations research. The conference is devoted to the centenary of the outstanding Soviet scientist, professor Yuri Germeyer who contributed greatly to the development of mathematical foundations of the decision making theory and played a key role in the formation of the domestic school of operations research and the game theory. The reports demonstrate a further and profound development of the Germeyer scientific school.
Reaction–diffusion type replicator systems are investigated for the case of a bimatrix. An approach proposed earlier for formalizing and analyzing distributed replicator systems with one matrix is applied to asymmetric conflicts. A game theory interpretation of the problem is described and the relation between dynamic properties of systems and their game characteristics is determined. The stability of a spatially homogeneous solution for a distributed system is considered and a theorem on maintaining stability is proved. The results are illustrated with two-dimensional examples in the case of distribution.