Technological Change, Energy, Environment and Economic Growth in Japan
The given study is devoted to the issues of searching the ways for adaptation to climate change, mitigation of its impact on the economy and population, as well as to the role of increasing energy efficiency in the economies of some countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). It also relates to the issues of responding to negative trends and emerging challenges caused by climate change. The Report represents several case studies on the above topics implemented in Moldova, Tadjikistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and the Russian Federation by the network of regional enviuronmental centres. It also contains consideration of possible methodological approaches and recommendations on addressing the above issues in the EECCA region.
The article discusses the features of energy service contracts as one of the types of state-business interaction in the form of a publicprivate partnership. The purpose of the article is to analyze the main problems accompanying the implementation of energy service contracts on the basis of a case analysis and to develop recommendations for those who are at the stage of concluding such agreements. The following causes of problems between the parties to the energy service contracts are highlighted: methodological, organizational and financial. The following recommendations are developed based on the experience of participation in forensic examinations:1) careful study of the methodology for calculating savings using energy audit;2) the method of calculating the economic effect should be an integral part of the energy service contract;3)careful management of documents in order to be able to begin to resolve the conflict in the pretrial order according to the Civil Code;4) the contractor must make sure that there are economic benefits based on detailed calculations of indicators such as payback period, net present value of the project, internal rate of return, which it is mandatory to compare with the cost of financial resources used in the project.
This paper proposes a method of allocation of grant funds within the scientific and academic groups. We consider the allocation process automation through the use of Internet technologies. The study was conducted on the basis of scientific and educational group «Theoretical Foundations of energy efficient wireless sensor networks», National Research University «Higher School of Economics».
Energy efficiency in household sector has recently become an issue of pressing topicality according to the latest studies and reviews in this domain. The issue can be found in numerous publications of the renowned scientists of the past and nowadays it is still receiving a wide support. There are a number of circumstances connected with the emergence of this phenomenon. Firstly, energy consumption of households in Russia and UK is constantly growing. This is true for many other sectors in both countries as well as worldwide. The Statistical Review of World Energy released by British Petroleum in June 2013 states that global consumption of primary energy grew by 60% over the last 25 years and the growth is continuing. It is expected that by 2035 global consumption will grow by 41%. Secondly, energy strategies of both countries call switching to the path of innovative and energy-efficient development one of the main objectives of household sector development. The paper intends to draw attention towards the energy efficiency issue. The paper observes existing energy efficiency problems in household sector in Russia and United Kingdom and governmental programmes that serve to address them. It also considers the peculiarities of energy efficiency programmes of these countries. The paper shows the distinctive and similar features of legislation and policies in energy efficiency area in Russia and United Kingdom. The research reveals each country’s good practices in household sector that can be adopted for another country and can contribute to sector development.
The analysis of energy systems is of paramount importance in modern societies, since it is fundamental to guarantee a sustainable economic development. It combines technical and economic research with a specific focus on quantitative modelling, in order to optimize the modalities of energy demand and supply globally.
The book covers major advanced topics related to the analysis of energy by considering different aspects, namely management, planning and policies. The most recent trends, such as smart grids, transition from fossil fuels to renewables based energy systems and distributed generation, are also discussed in this book. Intended to be a collection of various contributions from experts all around the world, it includes latest research results, innovations and methodologies about the analysis of energy systems. The book also focuses to contribute to the current debate related to the evolution of energy systems, by discussing in an open way the pro’s and con’s without any pre-constitute point of view. Title is aimed to be a reference for the academic community, students and professionals with a wider interdisciplinary background.
The article studies the current Russian and world experience in the state policy in energy saving stimulation. The article analyses the latest changes in Russian legislation in this area. The paper underlines that a number of policy measures used abroad have not been yet implemented in Russia. The paper concludes that the study of foreign experience is extremely important as it helps to boost the transition to the energy-effective economy.
This article analyzes the possible applications of the system provide automated access to electricity in public places “Public socket”, identifies the technical requirements for this kind of systems, assesses the volumes of market segments, analyzes competing technologies and generates recommendations to promote this product to market.
Research area is automated systems to provide users with access to electricity in public places, including for charging mobile devices.
Improvement of the energy efficiency of a national economy greatly enhances energy security of the state, improves the environment and the quality of life of the population and contributes to the social and economic development of any country. Energy efficiency is often the least expensive means of meeting new energy demand. Governments of countries that contribute to increased investment in activities aimed at improving energy efficiency and implementing a set of government support measures that determine reduction in the energy intensity of GDP of the countries, significantly save budgetary funds, reduce dependence on energy imports and reduce environmental pollution. All that in combination leads to an improvement in the indicators of sustainable development not only of individual territories, but also of the national economy as a whole. Nevertheless, measures to improve energy efficiency still do not have the desired effect on a global scale, despite proven numerous advantages and potentials to be the largest resource to meet the growing demand for energy around the world.Energy service contracts are the actual energy saving instruments which have proved their success in many economically developed countries of the world. In Russia, the market for energy services is in the process of formation and is significantly inhibited by the negative impact from a number of groups of factors.
The proceedings of International Congress REENCON-XXI "Renewable energy in 21st Century: energy and economic effectiveness" 2016 presents the thesis of Congress participants devoted to the key aspects of development and practical use of renewable energy sources in Russia and the world. One of the challenges relates to deep decarbonization of the world economy aiming at mitigation of global climate change.