Discouragement through incentives
University of Glasgow , 2018.
Incentives are usually designed to promote desirable behaviour. In many instances, however, even in the absence of an incentive scheme, people may deliberately choose to act as desired. In such a case, introducing a system of incentives may discourage people from doing this. The discouragement mechanism works through the pos- sibility of errors that may wrongly classify the observed behaviour as undesirable, and hence trigger penalties. The effect is amplified by pessimism, which leads to an overestimation of the error probability, and by the disappointment from errors, which increases the disutility of unfair penalties. This approach is capable of ex- plaining two typical observations for enterprises/industries subject to environmental regulation – overcompliance (excessive investment in compliance) and discretionary inspections by regulators (raised frequency of inspections to enterprises suspected of non-compliance).
, Горизонты экономики 2015 Т. 24 № 5 С. 123-130
This paper analyses the impact of national level social capital on national football team success. There is a growing literature on sport economics and in football in particular. The role of social capital in economic problems dealing with collective actions is often investigated by researcher in different context, however this phenomenon has not been studied ...
Added: February 20, 2016
Поворот к природе: новая экологическая политика России в условиях зелёной трансформации мировой экономики и политики
, , et al., М. : Международные отношения, 2021
Nature preservation and nature protection should become an important component of the Russian national idea, its mission both for itself and for the world, an important element of the Russian international identity. At the same time international cooperation in nature protection should become a positive contribution of Russia to the world development, a component of ...
Added: April 13, 2021
Организационные формы и стимулы в государственных закупках: естественный эксперимент для одной российской государственной организации
, , , Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2016 Т. 20 № 2 С. 285-310
This paper analysis the impact of centralized monitoring enlargement in a large public organization on incentives for efficient activity of organization’s departments, which have different levels of financial autonomy. We analyze the data of the large public organization during 2008-2013. The efficiency of departments’ activity was measured by competiveness of their procurements and delays in ...
Added: October 14, 2015
Отражение экологических приоритетов государства в закупочной деятельности государственных организаций
, , , Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2021 № 2 С. 34-60
The paper analyses the extent to which environmental priorities of the government affect procurement activities of government bodies, state-owned companies and public institutions. Environmental priorities are not formalised in Russian public procurement legislation, but they are reflected in the strategic documents, and as such may implicitly shape procurement activities. By surveying public bodies in 22 regions of the Russian Federation, we evaluate factors affecting ...
Added: June 14, 2021
, , Вопросы экономики 2014 № 9 С. 112-126
Some Russian universities provide to their students tuition fee discount conditioned on the academic achievement. The paper examines the impact of this type of financial aid on student performance. Support is provided in the form of discounts to the tuition fee: its amount for the first year of study depends on the admission test results ...
Added: September 11, 2014
, Финансовое право 2013 № 10 С. 17-26
The article concerns legal opportunities of substitution of payment for negative impact on the environment by an ecological tax, studies legal nature of payment for negative impact on environment as well as the issues of realization of environmental (nature-oriented) functions of these public-law payments. ...
Added: November 18, 2013
, , Economics Letters 2013 No. 119 P. 306-310
Monetary incentives in online experiments are not always easy to implement. Yet online experiments are advantageous in terms of natural decision-making environment, less stress on participants and large number of the latter. Can we obtain plausible results from online experiments by using non-monetary in- centives like altruism and curiosity? We investigate the role of non-monetary ...
Added: April 2, 2013
, , Economics Letters 2013 Vol. 119 P. 306-310
Monetary incentives in online experiments are not always easy to implement. Yet online experiments are advantageous in terms of a natural decision-making environment, less stress on participants and a large number of the latter. Can we obtain plausible results from online experiments by using non-monetary incentives like altruism and curiosity? We investigate the role of non-monetary incentives in a ...
Added: June 26, 2018
, , Human Resource Management Review 2009 Vol. 19 No. 1 P. 23-28
Certain altruistic phenomena in the workplace that exceed the bounds of contract theory can be explained within the framework of gift exchange theory. We discuss the application of gift exchange theory to interactions between an employer and an employee as well as between employees themselves. We emphasize the opportunities of gifts to improve coordination and ...
Added: January 25, 2013
, , , Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 2014 Vol. 108 No. December P. 354-363
This paper reports the results of a series of competitive labour market experiments in whichsubjects have the possibility to reciprocate favours. In the high stake condition subjectsearned between two and three times their monthly income during the experiment. In thenormal stake condition the stake level was reduced by a factor of ten. We observe that ...
Added: December 12, 2015
Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2021
This CEPR book brings together leading economists from across a wide range of developed and developing countries, to focus on agency problems in public procurement and analyse the effectiveness of policies implemented in response. The central theme throughout the book is the fundamental tension between rules and discretion: rules limit an agent’s ability to pursue ...
Added: December 10, 2021
О ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИХ И МЕТОДОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ОСНОВАХ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ КОМПЛАЕНС-КОМПЕТЕНЦИЙ У ЮРИСТОВ-МЕЖДУНАРОДНИКОВ
, Пробелы в российском законодательстве 2022 Т. 15 № 2 С. 182-186
The purpose of the study is a comprehensive analysis of the theoretical and methodological foundations of the formation of compliance competencies in the training of international lawyers in the context of globalization processes, regional economic integration and digitalization of public administration and corporate compliance. Particular attention is paid to the combination of legal, economic, linguistic ...
Added: January 29, 2023
, Журнал российского права 2017 № 2 С. 80-91
In this article is examined the systems approach to the mechanism of working motivation, based on the motives, assigned by environment – by economic and social- lawful factors, on the internal motives of worker, which were established in the course of his vital activity, and the outwardly formed motives of working activity. Under the influence ...
Added: March 14, 2017
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2014. No. 24.
This paper studies the integration of social and environmental objectives into strategy through performance indicators based on a sample of multinational world-leading oil- and gas producers. Also, we inquire if the companies under study, which identify certain areas as strategic objectives, do better than their peers. We show that top management of the companies did ...
Added: March 12, 2014
State Capitalism in the new Global Political Economy. Conference Proceedings. International Conference of Institute quebecois des hautes etudes international (HEI). 21-24 November, 2013. Universite Laval. Quebeck City. Canada [Статьи авторов сборника открываются по выделенной гиперссылке на фамилию докладчика в программе конференции]
Quebeck : Universite Laval, 2013
State Capitalism could be characterized by a triple role of the state: the state performs as a “programmer” to guide economic activity; it acts as a “protector” to safeguard national economic interests; and it also plays the role as a “producer” to create national wealth through its state-owned enterprises (SOEs). However, the influences of State ...
Added: January 6, 2014
, Экономика в промышленности 2017 Т. 10 № 2 С. 133-138
The article considers the problems of search for effective ways to manage a working activity that would ensure an activation of a human factor. The practical, predictive and simulation methods of personnel assessment are briefly presented. The typical reasons for frustration of professionals in their activities and the ways to preserve their interest in work ...
Added: December 25, 2017
, , , Психологическая диагностика 2010 № 2 С. 36-64
Основанный на модели поведенческой саморегуляции М. Шейера и Ч. Карвера подход к исследованию оптимизма как обобщенных ожиданий относительно будущих событий успешно применяется зарубежными психологами при анализе связей оптимизма с различными психологическими характеристиками, такими, как психологическое благополучие, здоровье, адаптация к стрессу и др. Наиболее известная методика диагностики диспозиционного оптимизма, разработанная в рамках данного подхода, была взята ...
Added: November 25, 2012
, Азимут научных исследований: педагогика и психология 2017 Т. 6 № 2 (19) С. 260-264
Purpose: to establish the possibility of changing the labor behavior of employees by increasing the effectiveness of the modern motivational mechanism. Methods: a dialectical approach to the cognition of social phenomena, allowing to analyze them in historical development and functioning in the context of a set of objective and subjective factors, methods of interviewing, questioning, ...
Added: October 28, 2018
МЕТОД ВСТРЕЧНЫХ ПЛАНОВ ДЛЯ ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЯ ЦЕЛЕВОГО ЗНАЧЕНИЯ KPI В ДВУХУРОВНЕВОЙ ОРГАНИЗАЦИОННОЙ СИСТЕМЕ
, Управление большими системами: сборник трудов 2018 № 73 С. 27-54
Abstract: We consider a three-parameter model for stimulating the agent of the organizational system (OS), which uses the modification of the counter-plan method. For the proposed model, restrictions are introduced on the parameters under which an agent's choice equalы to his own forecast and is the dominant strategy (DS) of the agent. It is proved ...
Added: October 30, 2018
, Закон 2022 № 2 С. 145-151
The article analyses what changes the law awaits within the framework of the announced “green” deal and concludes that the transition of the economy to low-carbon “rails” in its political, economic and social dimensions around the world will affect the very foundations of law, its philosophy and mission. The adaptation of the world economy to the new environmental agenda is already ...
Added: March 4, 2022
This accessible book defines 100 key concepts, ideas, and processes in Environmental Psychology to provide an introductory reference work that brings together research and theory in a bite-size format. With contributions from leading figures within Environmental Psychology, each concept is clearly defined and explained, within the context of issues around the environment, sustainability, climate change, nature, ...
Added: January 17, 2023
, , Логистика и управление цепями поставок 2011 № 2 С. 19-27
Рассмотрена проблема складирования и утилизации твёрдых бытовых отходов, возникающих продвижения продукции по звеньям цепей поставок и увеличивающих стоимость товаров, не добавляя при этом ценности для конечных потребителей. Показано негативное влияние на рентабельность бизнеса количества производимых предприятием отходов. ...
Added: October 2, 2012
, International Researchers 2012 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 59-75
The article analyses the EU activity in assisting developing countries to develop energy sector throughperspective of the functional approach. The author identifies the EU approach by assessing EU compliance with the G8 commitments on assisting developing countries to develop energy sector. The assessment is made on the basis of the analysis of EU implementation of ...
Added: August 31, 2012
Strategic Planning in the Russian Federal Government: Implementation, Costs, and Conditions of Effectiveness
, , / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP Series "Public and Social Policy". 2018. No. 17/PSP/2018.
A vital aspect of improving governance involves spearheading its strategic dimension and making current policy activities more closely aligned with the goals and objectives of sustainable growth. At the same time, implementation of strategic management is associated with considerable costs for the drafting, cross-cutting coordination and monitoring of strategic planning documents. These costs are often ...
Added: April 10, 2018