War, housing rents, and free market: A case of Berlin's rental housing market during World War I
Before the World War I, the urban rental housing market in Germany could be described as a free and competitive market. The government hardly interfered in the relationships between the landlords and tenants. The rents were set freely. During the World War I, the market was hit by several violent shocks. The outbreak of the war led initially to a huge outflow of men from cities to the fronts. Towards the end of the war, the cessation of construction as well as an inflow of workers and mustered out of service soldiers produced an acute housing shortage. Using a unique data set of asking rents extracted from the newspaper announcements, we constructed a monthly time series of rents in Berlin over 1909-1917. This variable is employed to measure the effects of demand and supply shocks on different segments of housing: from small dwellings for poor to large apartments for rich. The analysis shows a decline of rents (especially of the cheap dwellings) in the first half of the war, followed by a moderate increase. This stands in marked contrast to a steady and strong increase of the overall price level.
, European Review of Economic History 2016 Vol. 20 No. 3 P. 322-344
New archival evidence on housing rents in Berlin over 1909-1917 is presented. The data are extracted from newspaper announcements and georeferenced. Using hedonic regressions, quality-adjusted rent indices are constructed and employed to analyze the rental dynamics during World War I, when housing market experienced several shocks. The outbreak of the war led to an outflow ...
Added: January 31, 2019
Мировая задача России: члены Московского религиозно-философского общества памяти Вл. Соловьёва о Великой войне.
, Вестник Вятского государственного гуманитарного университета 2014 № 10 С. 81-86
This article is dedicated to the First World War 100th anniversary and analyze Russian society ideological basis. Author is trying to find out the understanding of the Wolrd War I in works of Moscow Vladimir Soloviev's religious-philosophical society. Society members were rather influential in Russian intellectual world. Among them E.N. Trubetskoy, S.N. Bulgakov, N.A. Berdyaev, S.L. Frank, V.F. Ern ...
Added: October 16, 2014
, , How does subway and ground transit proximity affect rental prices? / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2019. No. 212.
This study focuses on the ground transportation system and its impact on the rents in 30 of Russia's largest cities. It also compares the effect with subway transit networks. The data set includes rent information from an all-Russia online advertisement website Avito and various measures of proximity to the public transit network stops (including subways ...
Added: February 14, 2019
, Studies in Russian and Soviet Cinema 2017 Vol. 11 No. 2 P. 96-117
Pre-Revolutionary Russian cinema has traditionally been divided into two periods: pre-1914 and after. The first period has been perceived as one of inception and learning, while the second as an era of maturity and genuine establishment of early Russian cinema. World War I, which abruptly restricted the import of foreign films into Russia, has usually ...
Added: May 26, 2017
Тенденции правовой политики государства по отношению к обществам и союзам в России в годы Первой мировой войны
, В кн.: Правовая система России: традиции и инновации. Ч. 2.: Санкт-Петербургский университет МВД России, 2013.. С. 196-203.
Внимание автора статьи сосредоточено на двух направлениях правительственной политики: дискриминации по отношению к подданным воюющих с Россией государств и основанным ими организациям, а также карательным мерам по отношению к активистам российских клубов, практиковавших азартные игры. Изучение обоих направлений представляет существенный интерес, поскольку позволяет составить представление о запретных сферах самодеятельности российского общества и о самой природе ...
Added: November 18, 2013
, , В кн.: Черная Африка: прошлое и настоящее. .: М.: Университет Дмитрия Пожарского, 2016.. Гл. 3.19. С. 123-139.
В главе рассматривается процесс расширения и укрепления колониальных порядков в большинстве стран Африки после Первой мировой войны. ...
Added: March 7, 2017
, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 2022 P. 1-48
Following World War I, rent control became a standard policy response to the housing shortage and the resulting rent increases. Typically, economists blame it for creating inefficiencies in the housing market and beyond. We investigate whether rental market regulations (including rent control, protection of tenants from eviction, and housing rationing) had any effects in a ...
Added: February 8, 2022
Housing Policy in Soviet Russia and Germany between the Two World Wars: Comparative Analysis of Two Systems
, , Journal of Urban History 2018 Vol. 44(5) P. 930-952
World War I played a key role in shaping modern housing policy. While in the pre-War era, there was virtually no housing policy, hostilities led to an almost immediate and comprehensive state intervention in the housing market, particularly among those engaged in the war. Originally, Russia went the same way as the other countries. However, ...
Added: April 17, 2017
, Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия 2: История. История Русской Православной Церкви 2021 № 98 С. 74-92
The article discusses the correspondence between the Swiss Egyptologist Eduard Naville and the outstanding Russian Egyptologist Vladimir Golenishchev, the collector of antiquities that laid the cornerstone for the Egyptian department of A. S. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow. This correspondence is preserved at Vladimir Golenishchev Archives, Paris. In 1910s both Naville and Golenishchev were considered ...
Added: October 27, 2021
, Studies in East European Thought 2014 No. 4 P. 29-50
This article considers the evolution of the Russian university system during the First World War. Most of the imperial period, until the end of 1916, thanks to the liberal policy of the Minister of People’s Education, Pavel Nikolayevič Ignat’ev, a reformist course was implemented (drafting of a new statute, increasing the autonomy of universities). Particularly ...
Added: May 14, 2014
, Проблемный анализ и государственно-управленческое проектирование 2012 Т. 5 № 2(22) С. 148-149
Статья является рецензией на книгу Телицын В.Л. Возвращение домой. К истории русских военнопленных Первой мировой войны. М.: Б.и., 2011. 160 с. ...
Added: November 30, 2012
, , in: The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives. .: Sage, 2017..
Sociological analysis of the history of the World War I ...
Added: January 25, 2017
, Cornell University Press, 2014
In The Baron's Cloak, Willard Sunderland tells the epic story of the Russian Empire's final decades through the arc of the Baron's life, which spanned the vast reaches of Eurasia. Tracking Ungern's movements, he transits through the Empire's multinational borderlands, where the country bumped up against three other doomed empires, the Habsburg, Ottoman, and Qing, and where the violence unleashed by war, revolution, and imperial ...
Added: November 9, 2018
Slavica Publishers, 2016
The book is a part of the large project and the serial publication "Russia`s Great War and Revolution". It`s the vol. 3 book 2 of this large publication. Series general editors are Anthony Heywood, David MacLaren McDonald, and Jihn W. Steinberg. The volume "Home Front" presents original research by an international group of scholars on ...
Added: November 13, 2013
, В кн.: Русский авангард и война. .: Белград: Издательство филологического факультета Белградского университета, 2014.. С. 256-267.
The article consifders the transportation priorities of Viktor Shklovsky demonstrated in his memoir book "Sentimental Journey" and justifies a hypothesis that the protagonist's usage of different means of transport correlates with the structure of the text, i. e. works as a trigger of narration. ...
Added: September 6, 2014
Белград: Издательство филологического факультета Белградского университета, 2014
The collection of papers written by Slavic philologists, (cultural and art) historians, philosophers is devoted to the 100th anniversary of WWI and traces its reflections and references in European culture of the XX-XXI c. ...
Added: September 6, 2014
, , Apparatus. Film, Media and Digital Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe 2017 № 4 С. 1-23
In the 1910s, cinema censorship traditions and rules varied in different Russian provinces, leading to widespread discussion of the whole topic. The article focuses on censorship practices in the pre-revolutionary and revolutionary capital, Petersburg / Petrograd. It investigates censorship documents of the 1910s, discusses the influence of World War I on Petrograd censorship, and draws ...
Added: August 19, 2017
The World War against the spirit of Immanuel Kant: philosophical Germanophobia in Russia in 1914–1915 and the birth of cultural racism
, Studies in East European Thought 2014 Vol. 66 P. 101-121
During the First World War the radical nationalist sentiments were widespread in different European countries involved in military activities, including the Russian Empire. In Russia this rise united the features of Russian ethnonationalism and imperial enthusiasm. The Russian philosopher Vladimir Ern (1882–1917) in his article “From Kant to Krupp” (1914) attempted “to ground” the hostility ...
Added: August 19, 2014
«Что мы помним, а что стараемся забыть на уровне национальной памяти?» (на примерах формирования официальной памяти о Первой и Второй мировых войнах)
, , et al., История. Общество. Политика 2020 Т. 15 № 3 С. 148-155
The article examines the specifics of the formation of collective memory in Russia on some examples of commemoration about of the First and Second World wars. The authors emphasize that the generalizing discourse of national memory is largely set by the state, and the state determines the content, the ways of commemoration, and the agenda ...
Added: January 4, 2021
Wishful Thinking: Liberal Internationalism and Intellectual Intervention in Britain during the Great War
, Wishful Thinking: Liberal Internationalism and Intellectual Intervention in Britain during the Great War / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP "Working Papers of Humanities". 2016.
Everybody knows that the League of Nations failed to prevent the catastrophe of the Second World War. It is not a matter of interest in IR (International Relations) or political history anymore. More striking is the number of concepts which were brought to life in the discussions between British intellectuals regarding the shape of the ...
Added: December 13, 2016
, Studies in East European Thought 2014 Vol. 66 No. 1 P. 77-87
The article provides a comparison of two intellectual accounts of experiences in the First World War – From the Letters of an Artillery Ensign (1918) by the Russian philosopher and writer Fjodor Stepun and The Storm of Steel (1920) by the German essayist Ernst Jünger. The aim of this article is to reveal similarities and ...
Added: July 4, 2014
«Алые розы Востока»: «панисламизм», ориентализм и шпиономания в последние мирные годы Российской империи. Разведывательная империя?
, Шаги/Steps 2018 Т. 4 № 1 С. 9-44
The paper analyses the discourse on pan-Islamism (the perceived Islamic menace both to the ‘global’ European civilization and the integrity of the Russian Empire) in Russian imperial structures (especially, the Ministry of the Interior) during 1910–1914. The discourse is considered as one of the institutionalized ways of constructing Russia’s ‘own’ Muslim other (along with the ...
Added: April 17, 2018
, , , Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880-1917) / DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research. Series 750 "Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin". 2019.
This article studies the evolution of housing rents in St. Petersburg between 1880 and 1917, covering an eventful period of Russian and world history. We collect and digitize over 5,000 rental advertisements from a local newspaper, which we use together with geo-coded addresses and detailed structural characteristics to construct a quality-adjusted rent price index in ...
Added: February 1, 2019
, Economics Letters 2016 Vol. 147 P. 135-137
This paper studies whether a pension reform, namely a switch from a pay-as-you-go (PAYG) to a more-funded scheme should be announced. We show that such an announcement increases savings, leading to a decline in interest rates. Smaller returns to savings lead to higher losses for the first transitional generation, which suffers from the reform the ...
Added: October 17, 2016