Routine Corruption in Russia During the Reigns of Catherine II and Alexander I
Fedyukin I., Korchmina E. S.
This articles uses the account records books from a variety of Golitsyn estates in the late eighteenth- early ninetieth century to assess the level of "routine corruption" in Imperial Russia. The data from these books allows us to identify individual cases of unofficial payments made by the estates and by peasant commune to the district-level officials; to delimit key types of payment situations; and to calculate the overall volumes of payments. The resulting numbers are compared to the overall volume of obligations carried by the serfs to the state and toothier landlords. Our conclusion is that while the routine unofficial payments were ubiquitous and accompanied any interaction with the state, by the time of Catherine II's reign their volume l was quite low and did not put significant burden on the population. Rather, officials made fortunes by extracting unofficial payments in more targeted ways. gift-giving
Research target: Political Science, International Relations, and Public Administration Economics and Management History and Archeology
Priority areas: humanitarian
, Вестник Института Кеннана в России 2012 № 21 С. 7-18
The author considers the hypothesis that under certain circumstances mistrust acts as the driving force for political development whereas trust, especially in its essential paternalistic forms, preserves the unsatisfactory status quo. The problem analyses as a part of general trend in the contemporary world towards declining prestige of public institutions and taking into account the ...
Added: March 12, 2013
, , , Russia in Global Affairs 2012 Т. 10 № 6 С. 82-96
Siberia should re-evaluate its place and role, and start developing itself as an element of the global economy, similar to what the eastern U.S. states did several decades ago and China’s coastal provinces did recently. ...
Added: February 19, 2013
, , , Post-Soviet Affairs 2017 Vol. 33 No. 5 P. 411-429
Few tasks are more important in the post-communist setting than rebuilding the welfare state. We study individual preferences for increasing social welfare spending to reduce inequality. Using two surveys of about 34,000 and 37,000 Russians we show great importance of the bridging type of social capital for redistribution preferences in Russia as it precludes possibilities ...
Added: June 7, 2017
The Circulation of Information About the Poll Tax Revenues As an Indicator of Russian Empire Undergoverness in the in the 18th Century
, The Circulation of Information About the Poll Tax Revenues As an Indicator of Russian Empire Undergoverness in the in the 18th Century / Basic Research Programme. Series HUM "Humanities". 2016. No. WP BRP 137/HUM/2016 .
The article deals with the notion “undergoverness” in the context of the 18th century Russia. It was an attempt to get away from the general discussion based on the number of state officials per capita. The study is devoted to the analysis of the poll tax collection mechanism. We use the new data about regional ...
Added: December 5, 2016
, Социологическое обозрение 2017 Т. 16 № 2 С. 180-194
In this article, we discuss the interaction of those in positions of power and the subordination of the servant in different cultural traditions. The author contrasts the European practice of rational subordination with the subordination in the more fundamental practice of Russian culture. Speaking about the practices of subordination in the culture, the author is ...
Added: July 20, 2017
, Журнал институциональных исследований 2016 Т. 8 № 2 С. 62-75
Despite institutional change, corrupt networks have been tremendously successful enterprises at the expense of the public good; returning and evolving with new elements. For public sector corruption to prosper, bureaucracies must possess certain structural characteristics which facilitate criminal behavior. Although public organizations have been largely studied, it is less clear how their structure creates opportunities ...
Added: June 23, 2016
, Baltic Rim Economies 2015 No. 3 P. 22
As a result of this corrupt capture of government, the ruling political regime in post-Communist Russia has definitively formed into an authoritarian, kleptocratic, corporate regime that is based on political and economic corruption, while the dominant social class has become the Russian nomenklatura, rooted in its Communist predecessor. ...
Added: May 31, 2015
Россия и Восточная Азия через 70 лет после окончания Второй мировой войны: доклады, представленные на III международной конференции молодых востоковедов в ИДВ РАН (Москва, 11—12 ноября 2015 г.)
М. : ИДВ РАН, 2016
The proceedings of the III International Scientific Conference of Young Orientalists, which was held at the Institute of Far Eastern Studies in November 2015, cover different aspects of the development of the countries of Northeast Asia and their cooperation with Russia. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the current state and prospects of ...
Added: October 6, 2019
, , Сравнительная политика 2019 Т. 10 № 2 С. 135-151
The authors argue that Russian-Chinese rapprochement is a fundamental feature of the current changing system of international relations. The two countries are effectively enabling each other to conduct independent foreign policies often in direct opposition to the West. There is a degree of complementarity between the two sides with Russia having comparative advantage in the ...
Added: May 25, 2019
, , et al., М. : Дело, 2009
Проблематика государственной службы рассматривается в политологическом, правовом, финансовом, этическом историко-культурном и других аспектах. Особое внимание уделено сравнительному страноведению – подробному описанию госслужбы девяти зарубежных стран. Стержень курса – проблемы реформирования госслужбы. Книга служит базовым учебником по нескольким дисциплинам и курсам ...
Added: February 23, 2013
, , Asian Politics and Policy 2018 Vol. 10 No. 4 P. 614-632
The authors argue that Russian-Chinese rapprochement is a fundamental feature of the current changing system of international relations. The two countries are effectively enabling each other to conduct independent foreign policies often in direct opposition to the West. There is a degree of complimentarity between the two sides with Russia having comparative advantage in the military, intelligence, and diplomatic ...
Added: December 29, 2018
, Журнал исследований социальной политики 2016 Т. 14 № 2 С. 213-228
In spite of institutional change, corrupt networks have been tremendously successful enterprises at the expense of the public good and continue to return and evolve with new elements. For corruption to prosper it must possess an efficient and resilient social organization. Given the understudied nature of organized police corruption and its detrimental consequences for socioeconomic ...
Added: June 7, 2016
, , Russian Politics and Law 2014 Vol. 52 No. 2 P. 77-94
The authors consider possible ways to reform decision-making procedures for the hiring of personnel for state service, relying both on international (English in first) and national experience. ...
Added: October 24, 2014
, М. : Квадрига, 2018
This is the first book to undertake a comprehensive historical analysis of modern Japanese historiographical debates over the territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan, an issue that is extremely important for understanding the course and consequences of bilateral relations in the near and medium term. The author highlights and evaluates the main arguments in the ...
Added: December 29, 2018
, Russian Politics and Law 2010 Vol. 48 No. 2 P. 7-26
In the 1990s, sub-national authoritarian regimes – local-based monopolies of ruling elites – emerged in many of Russia’s regions and cities against the background of spontaneous decentralization of government and competitive electoral politics. In the 2000s, the decline of political competition and recentralization of the Russian state led to incorporation of sub-national authoritarian regimes under ...
Added: November 24, 2013
Бюрократия: в поисках новой модели (Эволюция теории и практики государственного управления в последние десятилетия)
, Общественные науки и современность 2014 № 3 С. 5-22
Article dedicated to the recent history and the current state of human resource aspects of public administration, a major upgrade of the bureaucracy theory and practical attempts to improve it. The analysis of specific, mostly American, literature in this area, containing quite critical impact assessment of civil service reform American. Analogies with the state of ...
Added: October 19, 2014
Восточная Азия: прошлое, настоящее, будущее. Материалы 7-й международной конференции молодых востоковедов
М. : ИДВ РАН, 2020
The collection of articles by Russian and foreign Orientalists is based on the materials of the 7-th International Scientific Conference of Young Orientalists, held on November 28-29, 2019 in Moscow with support of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The book focuses on the different aspects of regional development ...
Added: October 26, 2021
, Российский совет по международным делам (электронный журнал). Российская Федерация. 2014
A comprehensive study of the regional policy of Iran in the context of the warming of its relations with the Western world. The study in this regard the prospects of cooperation between Moscow and Tehran. Who we are - allies or rivals? ...
Added: May 30, 2015
Сменит ли Евразийский экономический союз Союзное государство Белоруссии и России? Судьба российско-белорусской экономической интеграции
, NB: Экономика, тренды и управление 2013 № 3 С. 1-16
Статья посвящена исследованию проблемы сохранения и развития политического этапа российско-белорусской интеграции – Союзного государства Белоруссии и России. До настоящего времени Союзное государство остается формальным государственным образованием, не имеющим центрального руководства, законодательной, исполнительной и судебной власти, гражданства, герба, флага и т.д. В условиях развития интеграционного проекта Таможенный союз – Единое экономическое пространство – Евразийский экономический союз, ...
Added: September 11, 2013
, , , Сравнительная политика 2018 Т. 9 № 3 С. 146-153
Korea is a country with strict anticorruption legislation. However, this cannot the only guarantee for the eradication of various types of corruption. Analyzing retrospectively the reasons for its functioning and its combating in the Republic of Korea, there is a traditional system of social organization that in many ways provokes corruption. In different periods the ...
Added: April 12, 2021
, Азия и Африка сегодня 2014 № 8 С. 64-66
On the initiative and with the participation of the Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) a round table «Diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and Russia» was held at the Institute for African Studies RAS. Institute staff members and members of other scientific and educational institutions, Russian and Ethiopian diplomats, representatives of state, public ...
Added: October 16, 2014
, , Journal of Competition Law & Economics 2015 Vol. 11 No. 2 P. 331-352
Why do people violate the law? The Hobbesian outlook would be that people violate the law in the absence of appropriate punishment. John Stuart Mill would have attributed the violation to the lack of incentives to behave legally. In this paper, we combine these two factors to examine the effect of antitrust regulation on price ...
Added: October 21, 2014
, , Acta Eurasiatica 2016 Т. 7 № 3 С. 25-43
The article discusses conceptual and practical issues relating to the present state and perspectives of food insecurity in the Asia-Pacific region. The key factors behind Russia’s interest in cooperating with its Asia-Pacific partners in tackling food security challenges are systemized. The key directions of Russia’s possible projects and the mechanism of their implementation are elaborated ...
Added: July 15, 2017
Ключевые проблемы модернизации России и Китая: направления сравнительных исследований. Вводное выступление за «круглым столом» - «Модернизация в России и Китае в сравнительной перспективе»
, Российская история 2012 № 3 С. 45-48
Данная публикация материалов российско-китайского Круглого стола посвящена актуальным проблемам модернизации в двух странах в истории и современности. Показаны возможности сопоставления «военного коммунизма» и «большого скачка», технологий построения индустриального общества и становления политических режимов. ...
Added: December 1, 2012