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Working paper

Intergenerational Transmission of Values in Urban and Rural Area (the case of Russia)

This paper examines the role of the place of living (rural and urban society) and its social-cultural context in determining the parent-adolescent child value similarity. To determine it, we interviewed representatives of two generations: parents and children from 90 families in Moscow and 62 families in villages (n=304 people). Our findings indicate the influence of socio-cultural context (urban-rural) on the transmission of values. Conservation values are primarily transmitted from parents to children in more traditional, rural context. Openness to change, Self-Enhancement and Self-Transcendence values are transmitted from parents to children mainly in the urban context. Perceived psychological closeness between parents and adolescents (in adolescents’ perception) predicts value transmission in urban and rural contexts. All values of adolescents are more similar to the values of peers than parents, in both urban and rural contexts.