Historical Shocks and Persistence of Economic Activity: Evidence from a Unique Natural Experiment
Fritsch M., Sorgner A., Wyrwich M., Zazdravnykh E.
This paper investigates the persistence of entrepreneurship in the region of Kaliningrad between 1925 and 2010. During this time period the area experienced a number of extremely disruptive shocks including; devastation caused by World War II, a nearly complete replacement of the native German population by Soviets, and 45 years under an antientrepreneurial socialist economic regime followed by a shock-type transition to a market economy. Nevertheless, we find a surprisingly high level of persistence of industry-specific self-employment rates in the districts of the Kaliningrad region. Our analysis suggests that persistence of entrepreneurship is higher in regions with a history of successful entrepreneurship. That is, in regions where a specific industry was particularly efficient and entrepreneurial activity was especially pronounced.
, , et al., Historical Shocks and Persistence of Economic Activity: Evidence From a Unique Natural Experiment / Высшая школа экономики. Series EC "Economics". 2016.
This paper investigates the persistence of entrepreneurship in the region of Kaliningrad between 1925 and 2010. During this time period the area experienced a number of extremely disruptive shocks including; devastation caused by World War II, a nearly complete replacement of the native German population by Soviets, and 45 years under an anti-entrepreneurial socialist economic ...
Added: August 8, 2016
, , et al., Historical Shocks and Persistence of Economic Activity: Evidence from a Unique Natural Experiment / . 2016. No. 007.
This paper investigates the persistence of entrepreneurship in the region of Kaliningrad between 1925 and 2010. During this time period the area experienced a number of extremely disruptive shocks including; devastation caused by World War II, a nearly complete replacement of the native German population by Soviets, and 45 years under an anti- entrepreneurial socialist ...
Added: April 22, 2016
Historical shocks and persistence of economic activity: evidence on self-employment from a unique natural experiment
, , et al., Regional Studies 2019 Vol. 53 No. 6 P. 790-802
This paper investigates the persistence of self-employment in the districts of Kaliningrad, a Russian exclave, between 1925 and 2010. The area experienced a number of disruptive historical shocks during this period. This setting rules out the fact that the persistence of self-employment can be explained by the persistence of institutions and culture. Nevertheless, a high ...
Added: July 31, 2018
, США и Канада: экономика, политика, культура 2015 № 7 С. 3-25
Статья посвящена анализу принципиальных черт и особенностей экономической модели США и их эволюции в начале XXI века. В ней, в частности, даётся определение понятия «модель экономики страны», подчёркиваются отличия американской модели от экономических моделей других стран. Рассматриваются роль и значение наиболее важных элементов экономической модели США в преодолении кризиса 2008-2009 гг. и в экономическом и ...
Added: November 26, 2018
Предпринимательская активность в России: результаты проекта "Глобальный мониторинг предпринимательства" 2006-2016
, , Российский журнал менеджмента 2017 Т. 15 № 1 С. 3-26
The article studies entrepreneurial activity in Russia. In order to select the most relevant areas for analysis at the country level, an overview of current research on entrepreneurial activity is presented. It includes the analysis of opportunities and constraints of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitoring (GEM) project, which has a unique, annually updated database that is ...
Added: June 27, 2017
, , Russian Journal of Economics 2016 No. 2 P. 86-110
This paper presents competition studies and views on competition policy within Austrian economics related to the dynamic capabilities theory. The idea of interacting research programs in economics is used to provide the frame for reflections on particular issues of discussion: competition, on the one hand, and (1) ignorance, (2) knowledge (including tacit knowledge), (3) rationality, ...
Added: May 9, 2016
Sectoral entry-barriers for entrepreneurial activities – A Russian start-up between challenging global markets and local conservative path dependencies
, , Foresight 2016 Vol. 18 No. 6 P. 649 -659
Purpose Sectoral foresight activities often identify technological opportunities but leave the question open who will pursue them. Here, entrepreneurial activities have become increasingly important for the introduction and commercialization of new technological solutions. The same is true for Russia’s oil and gas industry, which requires a major technological upscaling to stay competitive. Promising start-ups though face ...
Added: October 11, 2016
, Экономическая наука современной России 1999 № 3 С. 49-63
The article examines the specifics of small business sector institutional development in the transitional economy of Russia. It shows that small business adjustment has brought about a number of economic institutions, for example, business networks and vertically integrated structures. But business associations as a fully-fledged institution representing and protecting the interests of small business have ...
Added: March 29, 2013
, , , Market Size, Entrepreneurship, and Income Inequality / Centre for Economic Policy Research. Series ISSN 0265-8003 "Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper Series". 2014. No. DP9831.
We develop a monopolistic competition model with two sectors and heterogeneous agents who self-select into entrepreneurship, depending on entrepreneurial ability. The effect of market size on the equilibrium share of entrepreneurs crucially hinges on properties of the lower-tier utility function for differentiated varieties – its elasticity of substitution and its Arrow-Pratt index of relative risk ...
Added: June 16, 2014
, Российский журнал менеджмента 2019 Т. 17 № 1 С. 97-120
The entrepreneurial activity might be significantly heterogeneous at the regional level. Cases of economies, which have not been socialistic in the past, demonstrate that spatial differences in entrepreneurship are persistent over time. However, it is still unclear whether such historical effects exist in emerging economies. This study investigates the relationship between entrepreneurial activity in regions ...
Added: April 25, 2019
Объяснение китайского экономического роста: проверка социологических инструментов на прочность. Рецензия на книгу: Nee V., Opper S. 2012. Capitalism from Below: Markets and Institutional Change in China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
, Экономическая социология 2014 Т. 15 № 3 С. 149-159
Today it makes little sense to ask a question, why social scholars are interested in China’s economy as far as the answer is obvious. The growth rate of Chinese economy and duration of its growth period are stunning. It is likely that in the nearest future China will outrun USA in terms of GDP and ...
Added: July 24, 2014
, , Инновации 2015 № 6 С. 48-53
The article is dedictaded to the innovation ecosystems development questions which comes as a derivative of the ecosystem' innovation projects development. It is shown that innovation projects development is quasidiscrete and the questions of ecosysctem' standalone events positioned as innovation projects are considered. It is shown that innovation contest survive and develop only if they ...
Added: July 27, 2015
, , Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship 2010 Vol. 15 No. 4 P. 461-479
The level of self-employment among immigrants is often higher than among natives. The purpose of this paper was to test empirically whether selective migration with respect to entrepreneurial characteristics may explain this difference. The relevant hypotheses were tested comparing representative samples of Russian immigrants in Norway and their stay-at-home counterparts. Data from the Russian population ...
Added: November 18, 2012
A new innovation paradigm: European cohesion policy and the retreat of public science in countries in Europe's scientific periphery
, , , Thunderbird International Business Review 2020 P. 1-17
This article seeks to undertake a critical assessment of the changing position of public science in the entrepreneurial ecosystem of the countries on the periphery of European research. These countries are driven by new innovation paradigm based on entrepreneurship, which are implemented within the European Smart specialization strategy (S3). This article argues that S3 is ...
Added: July 3, 2020
, , et al., СПб.: Левша-Санкт-Петербург, 2016
The book is a result of research conducted in the HSE as part of a research project supported by a grant from the Russian Humanitarian Foundation №16-02-00172 «Development of a multi-level game-tition theory, its methods and techniques." Scientific research in this area is expected to spend over three years - from 2016 to 2018. At ...
Added: February 14, 2017
Предпринимательство и реформы в России: материалы 18-й международной конференции молодых ученых-экономистов 22 - 23 ноября 2012 г.
СПб.: ЭФ СПбГУ, 2012
Proceedings of the 18th international conference of young scientists and economists November 22 - 23, 2012 ...
Added: March 24, 2014
, , Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 8. Менеджмент 2016 № 3 С. 107-138
This article presents the results of a research which purpose was to investigate the link between institutional features and the motivation of entrepreneurial activity on the country level. We evaluate the level of total early-stage entrepreneurial activity, and, more specifically, the share of necessity-driven entrepreneurship. Taking into account Scott’s institutional theory, we established the main factors ...
Added: February 12, 2017
, , Российский журнал менеджмента 2015 Т. 13 № 2 С. 3-28
The article investigates entrepreneurial intentions factors in Russia. The empirical analysis is based on Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data. GEM methodology for survey uses a multistage, stratified, probabilistic sample of 2029 respondents to represent the adult population of Russia between the age 18 and 64 years. The models of binary choice are applied to reveal the ...
Added: October 10, 2015
Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies. Revised papers presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhattan, Sweden
University West, 2017
This antology consists of 28 revised papers, first presented and discussed at the 20th Anniversary Uddevalla Symposium 2017 on " Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies" , which was held at University West, Trollhattan, Sweden on 15-17 June 2017. ...
Added: October 19, 2018
, Foresight and STI Governance 2019 Vol. 13 No. 4 P. 48-59
Institutions play a key role in building entrepreneurial ecosystems (EEs). However, the academic literature does not well represent the historical roots of these institutions and most works are devoted to developed countries. This article examines the institutional conditions for the development of scientific and entrepreneurial activities at universities in the context of the transition to ...
Added: March 2, 2020
Что такое предпринимательство и какая политика в отношении предпринимательства нужна России? (Заметки на полях работ современных зарубежных классиков)
, Журнал Новой экономической ассоциации 2012 № 2 С. 102-124
The article analyses the characteristics of small and medium sized enterprises and state policy towards SME in modern Russia – in the context of some rather unknown for the Russian experts evidences of last decades, formulated in the works of leading world researchers concerning the role of entrepreneurship, its conditions of development and institutional design ...
Added: August 18, 2012
, Форсайт 2017 Т. 11 № 3 С. 6-9
Introductory paper to the special issue "Innovation Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies" ...
Added: October 12, 2017
, Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 5. Экономика 2020 Т. 36 № 4 С. 579-600
This study investigates the effect of a twofold rise in fixed payments on sole-proprietors and entrepreneurial activity in 2013 and a twofold decline in these payments in 2014. The paper considers consequences of this decision for various facets of entrepreneurship: the presence of small and medium enterprises in an economy, the new business entries, and ...
Added: March 4, 2021
, , Ульяновск: Ульяновский государственный технический университет, 2010
Covers the basics of the theory of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial activity. ...
Added: July 25, 2014