Electronic Health Records and Clinical Routines: Convergence and Divergence
Situatedness of action and cognition makes some social theorists address to situation as a source of explanation of human behavior. However, situations themselves remain unexplained. For sociology, it is necessary to explain why and which situations appear in life and influence behavior. To make situational analysis sociologically relevant, we pay attention to task-solving situations. Here we define situations as opposing to actions (task solving) and not to actors. Task-solving is a kind of discrete and specific activity that can be referred to social functions at the societal level. A sociological study of task-solving situations implies task localization and decomposition of activities, analysis of situation structure, and description of situations and their structural features distribution. We illustrate this situational approach with an example in the sociology of science.
The mass transfer during the nanowire formation by the metal electrodeposition into the pores with a high aspect ratio from a binary electrolyte is studied theoretically. The application of quasi-steady-state approximation is justified. The equations for the ion concentration and electric potential at the bottom and in the mouth of the pores, the reaction overpotential, and the variation of the current density with time are obtained. The problem of time dependence of unfilled pore part length is solved numerically. The distinctions between the results obtained under the potentiostatic and galvanostatic conditions are demonstrated.
Relevance. Rapid development of telemedicine and e-health requires free, legitimate and secure health information exchange. Besides technical solutions an important role in providing health information exchange played by legal and organizational measures. Adoption of the new legislation on the application of information technologies in healthcare increases the relevance of legal issues in this sphere.
Objective. The article addresses the legal aspects of building health information systems, taking into account the rights and legitimate interests of all stakeholders (patients, physicians, healthcare providers, insurance companies, research organizations, etc.).
The main results. In the paper it is reasoned that the architecture of health information systems should be based on principles of centralized storage of data, integration of data from the wide range of sources, increasing usability of the systems, ensuring data dynamism and mobility as well as enhancing the role of patients in management of personal health records.
Also particular attention is paid to security issues of health information systems. The information security measures for such systems include reliable procedures for identification and authorization of subjects, differentiation of access rights to health records, encryption of health data and depersonalization of health data of individual patients. These and other measures will help to ensure the legitimacy of electronic document exchange, as well as to increase the level of patients trust to information technologies used in healthcare.
Applicability and scientific significance. The principles and ideas reflected in the article can be used in law-making process in the area of telemedicine and serve as a basis for the subsequent academic research on the electronic document exchange in the new technological conditions.
A joint research project carried out by an interdisciplinary group of Russian and Swedish linguists, sociologists and educators-psychologists (the Swedish Institute grant), besides solving pragmatic tasks of finding out relative quantitative-qualitative specificity of national cognitive representations of values, first of all, had methodological goals. They were to check the efficiency of the linguistic methods developed in this study (and, thus, to prove the theoretical ideas that served the basis for it) of getting factual data that allow reconstructing and comparing of the corresponding areas of cognitive representations.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
This book contains the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Supported Education (CSEDU 2012) which was organized and sponsored by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication (INSTICC) and technically co-sponsored by SPEE (Portuguese Society for Engineering Education), IGIP (International Society for Engineering Education), ROLE (Responsive Open Learning Environments) and IFIP TC3 (International Federation for Information Processing - Technical Committee 3 - ICT and Education).
CSEDU has become an annual meeting place for presenting and discussing learning paradigms, best practices and case studies that concern innovative computer-supported learning strategies, institutional policies on technology-enhanced learning including learning from distance, supported by technology. The Web is currently a preferred medium for distance learning and the learning practice in this context is usually referred to as e-learning or technology-enhanced learning. CSEDU 2012 is expected to give an overview of the state of the art in technology-enhanced learning and to also outline upcoming trends and promote discussions about the education potential of new learning technologies in the academic and corporate world.
This conference brings together researchers and practitioners interested in methodologies and applications related to the education field. It has five main topic areas, covering different aspects of Computer Supported Education, including "Information Technologies Supporting Learning", "Learning/Teaching Methodologies and Assessment", "Social Context and Learning Environments", "Domain Applications and Case Studies" and "Ubiquitous Learning". We believe the proceedings, demonstrate new and innovative solutions, and highlight technical problems in each field that are challenging and worthwhile.
CSEDU 2012 received 243 paper submissions from 58 countries in all continents. A double-blind review process was enforced, with the help of the 297 experts who are members of the conference program committee, all of them internationally recognized in one of the main conference topic areas. Only 29 papers were selected to be published and presented as full papers, i.e. completed work (10 pages in proceedings / 30' oral presentations). 73 papers, describing work-in-progress, were selected as short papers for 20' oral presentation. Furthermore 37 papers were presented as posters. The full-paper acceptance ratio was thus 12%, and the total oral paper acceptance ratio was less than 42%. These ratios denote a high level of quality, which we intend to maintain and reinforce in the next edition of this conference.
The high quality of the CSEDU 2012 programme is enhanced by three keynote lectures, delivered by distinguished guests who are renowned experts in their fields, including (alphabetically): Joseph Trimmer (Ball State University, United States), David Kaufman (Simon Fraser University, Canada) and Hugh Davis (University of Southampton, United Kingdom).
For the fourth edition of the conference we extended and ensured appropriate indexing of the proceedings of CSEDU including DBLP, INSPEC, EI and Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index. Besides the proceedings edited by SciTePress, a short list of papers presented at the conference will be selected for publication of extended and revised versions in the Journal of Education and Information Technologies. Furthermore, all presented papers will soon be available at the SciTePress digital library.
The conference is complemented with two special sessions, focusing on specialized aspects of computer supported education; namely, a Special Session on Enhancing Student Engagement in e-Learning (ESEeL 2012) and a Special Session on Serious Games on Computer Science Learning (SGoCSL 2012).
Building an interesting and successful program for the conference required the dedicated effort of many people. Firstly, we must thank the authors, whose research and development efforts are recorded here. Secondly, we thank the members of the program committee and additional reviewers for their diligence and expert reviewing. We also wish to include here a word of appreciation for the excellent organization provided by the conference secretariat, from INSTICC, who have smoothly and efficiently prepared the most appropriate environment for a productive meeting and scientific networking. Last but not least, we thank the invited speakers for their invaluable contribution and for taking the time to synthesize and deliver their talks.