Теория дарообмена и формирование сообществ
Since its inception social science has been concerned with producing solidarity from social atomization. How divided individuals can be united in a persistent community? How collective life and working towards common good can transcend narrow self-interest? In this paper we approach these questions from the perspective of the theory of gift exchange. Gift exchange reveals the fundamental principles of human social nature, which drive men to form communities. This kind of motivation can by no means be reduced to utility maximization, but combines the striving for giving and receiving with hunger for social status. We shall explore these motives within several key topics: the logic of gift exchange, structure of gift exchange communities and distribution of power in them, relationship between gift exchange and capitalist economy, constitution and experience of time within structures of gift exchange, function of the transcendent in gift giving. Special attention will be paid to the role of gift relationships in the building of religious communities.
Дарообмен и регуляция потребительского кредитования в сообществах: случай православных приходских общин
, , Социологический журнал 2016 Т. 22 № 2 С. 110-134
This paper discusses factors how morally dense communities regulate the consumer debt of their members by enacting both financial and non-financial mechanisms. We rely on the gift exchange theory to demonstrate how communities with high social density morally regulate consumer behavior of their members. We use the data gathered during an empirical study of economic activities ...
Added: July 3, 2016
, , Социологическое обозрение 2018 Т. 17 № 3 С. 9-29
In this paper, we argue that the priest has a unique structural position to initiate and promote gift exchange. Gift exchange is an important mode of economic integration, one that prevents both cutthroat competition and a parasitic dependence on a centralized hierarchy. In dwelling on gift exchange theory, we demonstrate why the promotion of gifts ...
Added: October 5, 2018
, , et al., М.: Издательство ПСТГУ, 2020
Издание посвящено анализу моральных оснований развития потребительского кредитования в современной России. Как сохранить экономический рост, возникающий благодаря кредитованию, и избежать долговых кризисов? Работа опирается на эмпирическое социологическое исследование долговой морали россиян, проведенное в 2014 г. Предложена теоретическая рамка для анализа отношений долга, опирающаяся на теорию дарообмена. С опорой на результаты исследования показано, что важной причиной закредитованности является ...
Added: October 11, 2020
Explaining Economic Growth in China: Testing Sociological Tools for Validity. Book Review: Nee V., Opper S. (2012) Capitalism from Below: Markets and Institutional Change in China, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
, Journal of Economic Sociology 2014 Vol. 15 No. 4 P. 107-114
Today it makes little sense to ask why social scholars would be interested in China’s economy insofar as the answer is obvious. The growth rate of the Chinese economy and the duration of its growth period are stunning. It is likely that in the near future China will outrun the US in terms of GDP ...
Added: October 9, 2014
, , Социологические исследования 2020 Т. 7 № 7 С. 106-117
The studies of large families are focused either on poor material conditions and problems of families with many children, or on their insecurity and social exclusion. Such questions as “How do people create large families?” and “How do parents perceive this transition?” are beyond the scope of the majority of sociological investigations. This article contains ...
Added: November 26, 2020
Interview with Victor Nee: Sociology Should be Open to Intellectual Trade with Ally Disciplines (Part 2)
, Journal of Economic Sociology 2014 Vol. 15 No. 3 P. 169-178
Economic Sociology’s May issue includes the continuation of our conversation with Prof. Victor Nee held in October 2012. (See the March issue for the first half, Vol. 15. No 2. Pp. 11–21.) The interview was conducted by Alexander Kurakin, a senior lecturer at National Research University Higher School of Economics in Moscow. Here, Professor Nee re-emphasizes the importance of ...
Added: October 15, 2014
Интервью с Виктором Ни. Часть 1. Для социологов особенно характерно стремление каждый раз изобретать концептуальную карту, которая по-новому расставляет акценты
, Экономическая социология 2014 Т. 15 № 2 С. 11-21
Интервью с Виктором Ни, профессором социологии Корнелльского университета, провёл Александр Куракин, старший преподаватель Национального исследовательского университета «Высшая школа экономики». Интервью состоялось в рамках международной конференции «Укоренённость и за её пределами: объясняют ли социологические теории экономическую реальность?» (Москва, 25–28 октября 2012 г.), где профессор Ни выступал одним из председателей мини-конференции «Организации и институты на формирующихся рынках». Профессор Ни обратил внимание на ...
Added: October 15, 2014
, , , Вестник Института социологии 2015 № 13 С. 71-97
So far there have been very few studies of social entrepreneurship in Russia. More specifically, the social implications of this phenomenon have never been analyzed. This makes it difficult for experts to agree which particular enterprises could be described as social. In the meanwhile, agreement on this matter is absolutely necessary, since financial support projects, ...
Added: July 13, 2015
, Вестник Томского государственного педагогического университета 2012 № 11(126) С. 219-224
The article is dedicated to the concept of the space elaborated by the French philosopher and social theorist Henri Lefebvre. Trying to overcome reductionism, typical of metaphysical theories of space, Lefebvre turns to daily experience of space and considers it in three interdependent dimensions: material, socio-political and research ones. The primary sociality of space means, ...
Added: December 24, 2012
, Экономическая социология 2017 Т. 18 № 1 С. 80-95
This overview presents the characteristics and an analysis of historical forms of consumer crediting. The theoretical basis of the overview is rooted in the cultural and social history of consumer credit—a new and interdisciplinary direction. Because a distinct emphasis is placed on the differences between forms of crediting in certain countries and historical periods, the ...
Added: November 30, 2017
, Социологическое обозрение 2020 Т. 19 № 2 С. 198-224
The article concerns the social theory of an unconditional basic income (a regular payment to each person regardless of their level of need or employment). The article points out that, during the last three years in Russia, the idea of a basic income has been actively discussed. This applies mainly to economists, whereas the author puts ...
Added: July 19, 2020
Интервью с Виктором Ни. Часть 2. Если социология хочет прогрессировать, она должна быть открыта для интеллектуального обмена с родственными дисциплинами
, Экономическая социология 2014 Т. 15 № 3 С. 11-23
В майском номере журнала «Экономическая социология» представлена вторая часть интервью с Виктором Ни (первая часть — «Для социологов особенно характерно стремление каждый раз изобретать концептуаль ную карту, которая по-новому расставляет акценты» — опубликована в мартовском выпуске; см.: Экономическая социология. 2014. 15 (2):11–21). Беседу провёл старший преподаватель кафедры экономической социоло гии НИУ ВШЭ Александр Куракин. В помещаемой теперь части интервью профессор Виктор Ни ...
Added: October 15, 2014
, Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований 2015 № 3
In this article we look at The Town’s Day holiday as a performance, as successful or failed performance of a particular message (of the unity of urban community) for a particular audience (urban community). For this we use Jeffrey Alexander’s theory of cultural pragmatics. We conclude that in the case of The Town’s Day, held ...
Added: December 7, 2015
The Future We Create: Fixtional Expectations as a Tool of Social Dynamics. Book Review: Beckert J. (2016) Imagined Futures: Fictional Expectations and Capitalist Dynamics, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 384 p.
, Journal of Economic Sociology 2019 Vol. 20 No. 4 P. 142-150
This paper is a review of Imagined Futures: Fictional Expectations and Capitalist Dynamics, written by Jens Beckert and published in 2016. Prof. Beckert leads the Max-Plank Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne. His works are in the fields of new economic sociology, economic anthropology and valuation studies. The last approach largely owes its ...
Added: October 8, 2019
, Социологическое обозрение 2020 Т. 19 № 2 С. 9-45
The paper highlights the context and the main points of the speech given by Max Weber at the International Congress of Arts and Science in St. Louis in September, 1904. It analyzes Weber’s views on the dynamics of social change as presented by the German classic in the shape of the comparative historical sociology of ...
Added: July 15, 2020
, Социологическое обозрение 2020 Т. 19 № 2 С. 46-75
This publication is the translation of the speech “The Relations of the Rural Community to Other Branches of Social Sciences” given by Max Weber at the International Congress of Arts and Science in St. Louis (Missouri, USA) in September, 1904. In this speech, Weber examines several prevailing themes that are characteristic for his understanding of modernity. ...
Added: February 4, 2021
Объяснение китайского экономического роста: проверка социологических инструментов на прочность. Рецензия на книгу: Nee V., Opper S. 2012. Capitalism from Below: Markets and Institutional Change in China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
, Экономическая социология 2014 Т. 15 № 3 С. 149-159
Today it makes little sense to ask a question, why social scholars are interested in China’s economy as far as the answer is obvious. The growth rate of Chinese economy and duration of its growth period are stunning. It is likely that in the nearest future China will outrun USA in terms of GDP and ...
Added: July 24, 2014
, Художественный журнал 2016 № 98 С. 3-9
This piece is about time tax we all pay to contemporary global capitalism. ...
Added: May 19, 2017
, Журнал социологии и социальной антропологии 2011 Т. XIV № 5 С. 142-147
According to interdisciplinary theory of architecture and sociology by A. Amin and N. Thrift, presented in their book Cities. Reimagining the Urban, the light sociality is the main way of individuals interaction in city space. In this context, consumption appears to be one of the basic forms of individuals self-expression on one hand, and on ...
Added: September 12, 2012
, Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность 2018 № 6 С. 162-171
The changes since the breakup of the USSR had a significant impact on the social composition of African migrants in Moscow, as well as on their life strategies. In this article, we distinguish between two social groups of African migrants: “affluent” and “surviving”. Almost all affluent migrants are those who once came to study at Soviet universities. They ...
Added: January 3, 2019
, Вопросы социальной теории 2017 Т. IX С. 284-293
In this article the author suggests the model of social organization of time for analysis of transformations that take place in a lifeworld in conditions of late capitalist modernity. He argues that characteristic features of clock time are subjected to specific rationality related to its capitalist use, and that this specific capitalist mode of transformation ...
Added: June 27, 2017
, Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований 2015 № 3 С. 145-160
Researcher who starts talking to local people in a small town soon finds a number of repeating topics, stories, symbols, characters and attitudes. In sum, they compose a generalised image of a city, to a greater or lesser degree shared by its inhabitants. In order to move further than a mere recording of different ways ...
Added: December 2, 2015
Interview with Victor Nee: “Sociologists Always Want to Reinvent the Conceptual Map and to Come up with the New Conceptual Scheme that Identifies Something as Important” (Part 1)
, Journal of Economic Sociology 2014 Vol. 15 No. 2 P. 144-153
Victor Nee was interviewed by Alexander Kurakin, Senior Lecturer at the Higher School of Economics. This interview was conducted during the international conference “Embeddedness and Beyond: Do Sociological Theories Meet Economic Realities?” (Moscow, 25–28 October 2012), at which Prof. Nee co-chaired the mini-conference “Organizations and Institutions in Emerging Markets.” Prof. Nee emphasizes that economic sociology cannot ...
Added: October 15, 2014
Дезорганизация трудового ритма жизни и непостоянство в работе как скрытые черты системы гибкого капитализма. Рецензия на книгу: Snyder B. H. 2016. The Disrupted Workplace: Time and the Moral Order of Flexible Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
, Экономическая социология 2017 Т. 18 № 4 С. 175-187
Benjamin Snyder’s book, “The Disrupted Workplace: Time and the Moral Or- der of Flexible Capitalism,” is devoted to the subjective perception of time spent at work by the employees who work under the system of flexible capital- ism. The author describes two types of time perception: quantitative, expressed in the desire to adhere to clear ...
Added: November 23, 2017