Declarations of Independence of the United States and the Spanish American Nations: Towards a Comparative Analysis
Based on rich and diverse sources, including the U.S. archives, the article researches the place of the United States of America in life and revolutionary projects of the Precursor of the Spanish American independence Francisco de Miranda (1750-1816). It is argued that the circle of Miranda's friends and supporters in the United States was Federalist in spirit - contrary to a widely held notion that foreign revolutions drew support from the Jeffersonian National Republican milieu. The article analyses the 1797/1799 plan of the Anglo-American union against France and Spain in the name of the Spanish American independence and the annexation of Louisiana and Florida by the United States. This plan was elaborated by Miranda and supported by Alexander Hamilton. The precise date of one of Miranda's constitutional projects is clarified (1797, not 1798). For the first time in world historiography the article reconstructs the New York draft of soldiers for the Miranda's Venezuela expedition of 1806. The history of this expedition is also reconstructed in details.
Encyclopedia of U.S.-Latin American Relations is a comprehensive, three-volume, A-to-Z reference featuring more than 800 entries detailing the political, economic and military interconnections between the United States and the countries of Latin America, including Mexico and the nations in Central America, the Caribbean and South America.
No previous work has covered the web of important players, places and events that have shaped the history of the United States' relations with its neighbours to the south. From the Monroe Doctrine through today's tensions with Latin America's new leftist governments, this history is rich in case studies of diplomatic, economic and military cooperation and contentiousness.
The chapter presents an attempt to define the similiarities and peculiarities in the history of the New World in the nineteenth century. First of all, it deals with the nation-building and search for the best balance between the central and regional autorities, and second, with the integration into the growing system of the world capitalist market.
The article presents newly discovered eight letters from the Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda (1750–1816) to the Governor of Trinidad in 1804–1811 Thomas Hislop (1764–1843), dated from September 3, 1807, to January 4, 1811. The author made this discovery in October 2015, in the manuscript division of the National Library of Scotland (Edinburgh).
Colonial period of American history knows the eleven names of women-printers. Two of them, Sarah Apdike and Mary Katherine Goddard – mother and daughter, produced weekly newspapers in Providence( Rhode Island), Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) and Baltimore (Maryland). Mary Goddard did very important job of printing of Declaration of Independence in 1777, because of being publisher of leading newspaper in Baltimore, where Congress moved. A year earlier she had accepted the appointment as Baltimore’s postmaster. She was one of only a handful of women to hold public appointments during the 1700s and the first woman to serve as a postmaster in the United States.
In the article are : the social bases of power as a nation, the nation, the elite, the elemental forces of the political market. It is noted that the idealistic view on social grounds authorities do not correspond to modern realities. Long enough described expenses provisions on the management Board of the nation. It is proposed to consider the rationalist approach in the determination of the constitutions of the social bases of power. The examples of the constitutions of a number of foreign States, in which the provisions of popular sovereignty is not understood completely. Russia proposes changing approaches to understanding the essence of popular sovereignty and representative government.