SYSTEMIC OPPOSITION AT RUSSIA’S GUBERNATORIAL ELECTIONS
This study is based on descriptive analysis of systemic opposition in Russia and its regions. We focus on the procedure and results of gubernatorial elections held in 2012-2015 in 62 regions (twice in two of them). The author has analyzed statistical information on electoral participation and performance of the opposition at gubernatorial elections, along with numerous interviews with political actors and experts. This study presents a logical model of ruling elites’ and systemic opposition’s strategic behavior and interaction proved by cases studied by the author in Russia’s regions. The author gives the definition of systemic opposition and analyzes its relations with the federal and regional authorities. Of particular importance is the role of systemic opposition in the legitimating of gubernatorial elections. However, the study shows that the legitimating process fails due to low turnout and usually leads to electoral losses of systemic opposition. Gubernatorial elections give systemic opposition very limited opportunities (despite the fact of its first victory in 2015) but still integrate it into the system while leaving the systemic parties with more chances to get political positions in legislative bodies.
Priority areas: state and public administration
Трансформация регионального политического режима в Московской области: муниципальная реформа и ее влияние на электоральный процесс
, , , Вестник Пермского университета. Серия: Политология 2019 Т. 13 № 1 С. 33-46
The article analyzes the transformation of the regional political regime in Moscow Oblast from the decentralized type to the centralized one. Centralized subnational authoritarianism is understood as the implementation of the federal center policy to incorporate regional and local elites into the system of national electoral authoritarianism. The authors examine the institutional context of transformations: the reform of ...
Added: April 16, 2019
Regional and national diversity as a factor of public administration theory development: problem statement
, Public Administration Issues 2015 No. 5 P. 34-49
The article discusses the problem of the applicability of modern public administration theories and practices outside liberal democracies. The theory and practice are not universal; they do not apply to the conditions of the most numerous type of state in the world, namely nation-states, with «hybrid» political regimes and a mixed system of economic, social ...
Added: March 16, 2016
, Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization 2021 Vol. 29 No. 1 P. 31-62
This article examines the causes of dysfunction in the political machines of Russian regions. According to existing studies, one of the main factors limiting the effectiveness of political machines is the rotation of governors and the Kremlin’s practice of appointing officials who have no previous ties to the region (so-called “Varangians”). Using a unique database ...
Added: December 1, 2020
, , British Journal of Political Science 2015 Vol. 45 No. 1 P. 29-51
What is the effect of online social networking on political awareness? This question has recently gained additional significance for the study of authoritarian regimes, as press accounts draw a link the usage of social networking sites by opposition activists and anti-regime protests in countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, and Russia. We argue that a given ...
Added: October 4, 2013
“There is no Middle Class in this Oblast. There are Rich and Poor.”: Economic and Social Policy Trade-Offs in the Russian Regions
, , et al., “There is no Middle Class in this Oblast. There are Rich and Poor.”: Economic and Social Policy Trade-Offs in the Russian Regions / National Council for Eurasian and East European Research. Series "NCEEER Working Paper". 2011. No. 825-06.
On the basis of in-depth case studies of four Russian regions, Kirov and Voronezh oblasts and Krasnoyarsk and Perm' krais, the trade-offs among social and economic policy at the regional level in Russia are examined. All four regional governments seek to develop entrepreneurship while preserving social welfare obligations and improving compensation in the public sector. ...
Added: November 8, 2012
М. : Никколо М, 2015
Совместное издание Российской Ассоциации политических консультантов и первой российской PR-компанией «Никколо М», начинает серию ежегодных сборников о российских выборах. Авторы сборника — ведущие российские политические консультанты и политтехнологи — рассказывают об итогах электорального года. В первом разделе эксперты через призму своей профессиональной компетенции анализируют отдельные тенденции избирательного процесса. Во втором разделе собраны примеры конкретных избирательных ...
Added: March 17, 2015
, , et al., Europe-Asia Studies 2014 Vol. 66 No. 8 P. 1213-1233
Political and economic outcomes depend, in part, on the quality of the officials making policy. Many scholars argue that free and fair elections are the best method for selecting competent officials. Others, however, argue that elections can lead to the selection of amateurs, demagogues, and political sycophants. Under this view, sub-national officials should be appointed ...
Added: October 4, 2013
Год после избрания: анализ политического позиционирования губернатора Рязанской области Николая Любимова
, , Бизнес. Общество. Власть 2018 № 29 С. 115-130
Ryazan Region is one of the Russian regions that has deeply stagnated over the past decade. To solve this problem, the federal authorities often attract the governors-«varyags», effective regional managers, who have proven themselves in the leadership of other regions of the Russian Federation. Nikolay Lyubimov, one of the authors of the «Kaluga economic miracle», ...
Added: December 2, 2018
Общественное влияние как фактор политико-управленческого процесса в регионах России: концептуальная (не-)возможность в гибридном режиме?
, Вестник Пермского университета. Серия: Политология 2019 Т. 13 № 4 С. 81-90
In political science, there is a widely shared opinion that quasi-democratic elements of hybrid regimes are at best a mere facade. The paper presents a theoretical alternative that demonstrates a conceptual possibility for the public to influence the policy process in Russia’s regions. The author starts with analyzing the key features of the policy process ...
Added: March 9, 2020
, , , Post-Soviet Affairs 2013 P. 1-26
This article investigates how hybrid regimes supply governance by examining a series of dilemmas (involving elections, the mass media, and state institutions)that their rulers face. The authors demonstrate how regime responses to these dilemmas – typically efforts to maintain control while avoiding outright repression and societal backlash – have negative outcomes,including a weakening of formal ...
Added: March 9, 2014
L. : Palgrave Macmillan, 2020
This edited volume provides an inclusive explanation of what, why, and how cities interact with global counterparts as well as with nation states, non-governmental organizations, and foreign publics. The chapters present theoretical and analytical approaches to the study of city diplomacy as well as case studies to capture the nuances of the practice. By bringing ...
Added: October 4, 2020
, , Социологические исследования 2018 № 5 С. 84-98
The article analyzes dynamics of some indicators of the human capital of Russians in the context of changes in the relations between employees and employers. It is shown that the general vector of these changes is the shift of balance of power between them in favor of employers, which has led to non-compliance with the ...
Added: August 29, 2018
, Гражданин.Выборы. Власть 2019 № 2 С. 98-110
Contemporary global transformations and the increased capabilities of the destabilizing interference into the domestic affairs of the sovereign countries on behalf of the states that relate themselves to the “collective West” phenomenon is facilitated by the worldwide expansion of the digital integrated communications. All that increases the opportunities for the political manipulations and puts forward ...
Added: June 13, 2019
Understanding the survival of post-Communist corruption in contemporary Russia: The influence of historical legacies
, , Post-Soviet Affairs 2015 Vol. 31 No. 4 P. 304-338
Corruption is widespread throughout the former Communist states, and it is particularly severe and entrenched in Russia. Despite the fact that Russia's contemporary corruption has recently become a subject of analysis, there is, however, no study that has addressed the role of the Communist legacy in the development of various aspects of corruption. This paper ...
Added: September 3, 2015
, Публичная политика 2018 Т. 2 № 1 С. 160-165
Недавний флешмоб вокруг «включенных низов» студентов-авиаторов, зафиксировавших на видео свои задорные движения тазом и бедрами под популярную песню «Удовлетворение», некоторыми комментаторами в социальных сетях рассматривался чуть ли не с позиций предвестника революции (по крайней мере, звучали мнения, что они «так начинаются», вероятно, с оглядкой на дигитализированные времена). Что могло бы вызвать к жизни подобные рассуждения: ...
Added: October 8, 2018
Governance of Commons in a Large Nondemocratic Country: The Case of Forestry in the Russian Federation
, , Publius 2014 Vol. 44 No. 2 P. 298-323
A substantial portion of Elinor Ostrom’s work critically examines the interplay between decentralization and efficient governance of commons. Ostrom’s suggestion is to shift from the dichotomous view of decentralization versus centralization to a more complex picture, labeled “polycentric governance.” This article applies this theory and uses a novel data set to test how the allocation ...
Added: October 19, 2015
Государственная идеология и современная Россия. Материалы Всероссийской научно-общественной конференции. Москва, 28 марта 2014 г.
М. : Наука и политика, 2014
In proceedings of the conference organized by the Center for scientific political thought and ideology, the authors discuss the theory, history and typology of ideologies, the problems of the relationship of the state and ideology and state ideology in modern Russia. ...
Added: November 7, 2015
, , et al., Europe-Asia Studies 2014
Elections serve a variety of functions in authoritarian regimes, yet scholars are divided on the question of why regime leaders permit elections in some settings but not in others. We argue that autocrats use subnational elections to co-opt and assuage powerful subnational elites. When subnational elites control significant political resources, such as political machines or ...
Added: October 25, 2014
, , , Communist and Post-Communist Studies 2012 Vol. 45 No. 3-4 P. 219-231
This paper aims to explain the characteristics and internal mechanisms of protest activity and solidarity among Russia’s industrial workers over the past two decades. Both academic discussions and officials’ attitudes toward protests prove contradictory. Even in periods of increase, labor activism has remained limited. Yet authorities continue to show concern about real and potential discontent, ...
Added: December 7, 2012
, L. : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
The number of conflicts in the world is increasing, as well as their intensity and fierceness. We see the trend of unfolding spiral of violence in the world and thus there is a pressing need to assess the underlying reasons of it. Challenges to a secure development of the world stem from political, economic and ...
Added: January 23, 2015
, Terra Economicus 2015 Т. 13 № 3 С. 97-108
The author makes an attempt to justify his hypothesis that Russia since the early 2000s demonstrates a quite typical for many countries undulating process of rise and fall of public interest to the different political models. In particular, there are periods of waning of interest in socialism, followed by a period of its temporary rehabilitation, ...
Added: March 15, 2016
Governing Post-Imperial Siberia and Mongolia, 1911–1924: Buddhism, Socialism, and Nationalism in State and Autonomy Building
, L. : Routledge, 2016
The governance arrangements put in place for Siberia and Mongolia after the collapse of the Qing and Russian Empires were highly unusual, experimental and extremely interesting. The Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic established within the Soviet Union in 1923 and the independent Mongolian People’s Republic established a year later were supposed to represent a new ...
Added: October 3, 2015
, Post-Soviet Affairs 2013 Vol. 29 No. 2 P. 101-135
A political scientist examines how regional elites shape the electoral fortunes of Russia’s hegemonic party, United Russia (UR). Using original data on regional legislative elections from 2003 to 2011, we show that UR performs better in those regions where regional governors control strong political machines. Russia’s leadership undercut its own electoral strategy by replacing popular elected ...
Added: June 7, 2013
, , , Балтийский регион 2016 Т. 8 № 1 С. 48-64
Рассматриваются последствия создаваемой в Балтийском и Североевропейском регионах системы противоракетной обороны (ПРО) США для военной безопасности России. На основе метода структурно-функционального анализа изучаются внутренние особенности программы ЕвроПро, этапы её реализации и влияние на региональный военно-стратегический баланс. Отмечается, что ЕвроПРО, как и другие региональные системы противоракетной обороны Пентагона, усиливает ударный потенциал вооружённых сил США и их ...
Added: July 2, 2016