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Working paper

Региональные рынки труда: 15 лет различий

In this study we analyze differences in labour market outcomes across Russian regions in 2000-2014. We consider labour force participation, employment and unemployment rates, vacancy rates, the incidence of informal employment, and average wage levels. We also describe the first reaction of the regional labour markets to the current economic crisis. Our main conclusions are the following. Firstly, the rankings of Russian regions in all considered indicators are very stable in time. However, regional labour markets do converge. Secondly, our results support a popular thesis that all “good things” usually come together. Relatively high wage and employment levels go hand in hand with low levels of unemployment and informal employment as well as with high per capita GRP. We also find that both regions-“leaders” and regions-“outsiders” tend to form clusters of close to each other or adjacent regions. Thirdly, the first reaction to the current crisis was extremely diverse: in some regions there was a marked reduction in the labour force participation, employment, and vacancy rates along with rising unemployment, in others these indicators did not change, and in others they even improved. However, real wages fell in all regions, making the Russian model of the labor market adjustment even more interesting in the regional context.