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Working paper

THE DOMAIN OF SURFACE TEXTURE

Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. WP BRP 30/LNG/2015.
Kashkin E., Vinogradova O. I.
This paper deals with the typology of surface texture expressions, such as, for example, English a slippery road, a smooth wooden board, rough hands, coarse or rough fabric, etc. We discuss both their direct uses like those mentioned above and metaphors formed on their basis, such as English a slippery person, a smooth speech, a rugged captain, etc. Our language sample includes 10 Uralic languages (Finnish, Estonian, Mari, Erzya, Moksha, Udmurt, Komi-Zyrjan, Hungarian, Khanty, Nenets), as well as 5 languages from other families (Russian, English, Spanish, Chinese, and Korean). Categorisation of these attributes includes primarily the division into visually perceived surfaces and surfaces perceived through physical contact (by touch, for one). We discuss how much and in what ways antonymic areas under observation are asymmetrical in their semantic features and combinability. One more focus in this research is to evaluate texture lexicon variation in intragenetic study of a group of related languages in comparison with its variation across a broader sample of languages.