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Working paper

Does Competition Matter? Efficiency of Regional Higher Education Systems and Competition: Case of Russia

The paper explores the relation between the degree of competition between higher education institutions (HEIs) and efficiency of regional higher education systems taking the evidence from the Russian Federation. The choice of regional system of higher education as a unit of analysis explained by features of the Russian system of higher education, especially by “closeness” in borders of regions. Using data envelopment analysis (DEA) we investigate the efficiency of higher education systems in the regions and juxtapose the results with the extent of higher education competition within them. The analysis finds that within the overall sample the correlation is positive, but not striking. Yet, the extent of competition is connected with the efficiency of the regional sets of HEIs more in the regions that are less developed socio-economically.