Truth of Taste: The Depth of Relativism
Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme , 2015. No. WP BRP 102/HUM/2015 .
Three relativistic semantic theories were suggested for the statements of taste: indexicalism, propositional relativism and factual relativism. Comparing and contrasting these possible solutions, I invoke three problems Max Kolbel formulates and focus on the problem of disagreement. I challenge Iris Einheuser's theory and claim that while indexical approach underestimates the problem of disagreement, factual relativism overestimates it. Propositional relativism appears to provide the most sensible explanation of the phenomenon
Priority areas: humanitarian
, , Эпистемология и философия науки 2020 Т. 57 № 1 С. 59-78
The idea of conceptual schemes is one of the most influential and widely used notions in contemporary philosophy. Within the analytic tradition the idea occupies a fundamental position in positivist views as well as in replacing them post-posi tivist conceptions. Outside the analytic tradition a similar idea is of key importance in structuralist and post-structuralist theories. Despite the broad applicability ...
Added: April 4, 2020
, Издательство Института Гайдара, 2020
Having outlined a theory of bullshit and falsehood, Harry G. Frankfurt turns to what lies beyond them: the truth, a concept not as obvious as some might expect.Our culture's devotion to bullshit may seem much stronger than our apparently halfhearted attachment to truth. Some people (professional thinkers) won't even acknowledge "true" and "false" as meaningful ...
Added: October 29, 2021
What People Said: The Theoretical Foundations of a Minimal Doxographical Ontology and Its Use in the History of Philosophy
, Grenzen und Möglichkeiten der Digital Humanities 2015 Vol. 1
Traditionally, ontology engineering is based on the presumption that the meaning of a proposition results from the combination of the meaning of its elements (concepts) and its syntactical structure. The reach of this "principle of compositionality" is, however, a contested topic in semantics. Its opponents defend the primacy of propositional meaning and derive the meaning ...
Added: September 19, 2015
, , Вестник РГГУ. Серия "Информатика. Информационная безопасность. Математика" (Российская Федерация) 2020 № 2 С. 8-26
In this paper the authors consider the cross-cultural and cognitive aspects of the semiotic information transmission, namely, how information is exchanged and interpreted by representatives of different cultural groups in the context of business processes. The article deals with the issues of subjective perception of information, the visual effectiveness of business process models and their ...
Added: October 16, 2020
М. : Языки славянских культур, 2015
Коллективная монография является результатом работы над проектом Научно-учебной группы НИУ ВШЭ "Лексико-типологические исследования". Главы книги представляют системы глагольной лексикализации звуков животных в 25 языках мира, а также содержат типологические обобщения, касающиеся принципов устройства и механизмов семантической деривации, характерных для данной лексической зоны. ...
Added: December 9, 2014
Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2012
This is an interdisciplinary volume that focuses on the central topic of the representation of events, namely cross-cultural differences in representing time and space, as well as various aspects of the conceptualisation of space and time. It brings together research on space and time from a variety of angles, both theoretical and methodological. Crossing boundaries ...
Added: November 1, 2012
Вторая международная конференция по семантике и прагматике «HSE Semantics & Pragmatics Workshop» : Москва, 4–5 сентября 2018
, Философия. Журнал Высшей школы экономики 2018 Т. 2 № 4 С. 253-264
Academic report: Second International Conference ‘HSE Semantics & Pragmatics Workshop’ : Moscow, September 4–5, 2018 ...
Added: January 15, 2019
, Логос 2018 Т. 28 № 4 С. 261-302
The Cambridge School of political thought embraces several historians (John Pocock, Quentin Skinner, John Dunn) who began working at Cambridge in the 1960s and offered a unique approach to the study of social-political ideas. These authors insisted that political thinking is historical in its nature, and for that reason it should be studied in historical ...
Added: September 18, 2018
, , et al., Journal of Neurolinguistics 2016 Vol. 40 P. 37-54
Previous clinical research has shown a positive effect of instrumentality on verb retrieval in individuals with aphasia. Performance on instrumental verbs incorporating an obligatory tool into their conceptual representation (e.g., to cut) is more accurate compared to non-instrumental verbs (e.g., to tear), possibly due to more specific conceptual representations of instrumental verbs. Seeking the neural correlates of ...
Added: May 29, 2016
, , Известия Уральского федерального университета. Серия 2: Гуманитарные науки 2015
В статье рассматриваются некоторые возможности применения статистических методов в лексической типологии ...
Added: December 18, 2014
, Russian linguistics 2014 Vol. 38 No. 2 P. 187 -203
This paper considers the issues of compositionality, concessive meaning, negative polarity, scalarity, linguistic anthropocentricity, and semantics-syntax interaction in a corpus study of the concessive syntactic idiom pri vsjom X-e ‘with all X’ in Russian and its non-idiomatic counterpart with all X in English. The study demonstrates (a) both compositional and non-compositional components in the Russian ...
Added: October 9, 2014
, Вестник Томского государственного университета. Философия. Социология. Политология 2020 № 53 С. 221-226
Post-truth is a special negative characteristic of information, its production, transmission and reception. The remarkable feature of Steve Fuller’s book Post-Truth: Knowledge as a Power Game is that it attempts to formulate the socio-epistemological concept of post-truth within the framework of the academic trend. In this way, Fuller explains where the negative assessments of the ...
Added: October 19, 2020
, , Reading Passages For The Course Of Semantics: Tests For Students / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "Linguistics". 2014. No. WP BRP 08/LNG/2014.
The objective of this paper is to present and describe a teaching tool for linguistics students who are learning English, a tool which furthers their linguistic education at the same time as it gives them some challenging experience with reading practice with the kinds of tests they will encounter in the main international English language ...
Added: May 19, 2014
, Философский журнал 2020 Т. 13 № 4 С. 69-88
The present paper discusses the ideas presented in Paul Grice’s groundbreaking paper ‘Meaning’ published in 1957. The ideas are examined in the perspective of Grice’s mature, complete and elaborate approach to language. The following tenets are indicated as the main features of that approach: (1) though meaning and use are closely connected, they should not ...
Added: September 30, 2020
, История философии 2015 Т. 20 № 1 С. 237-258
The author analyses the problem of truth as it is presented in the interpretations of Martin Heidegger and Alexandre Koyré, covering Plato’s Republic. Heidegger reads it primarily as a poetic myth of concealment and disclosure, revealing the intellection of Being. The space of political is a space of a historical manifestation and at the same ...
Added: October 20, 2015
, Философская мысль 2016 № 10 С. 1-15
Статья представляет обзор наиболее распространенных аргументов против акторно-сетевой теории (Б. Латур, М. Каллон, Д. Ло). В первой части работы рассматриваются обвинения в дескриптивизме, макиавеллизме и намеренно эзотерическом языке. В качестве отдельной проблемы выделяется аргумент С. Шэффера о том, что Латур не затрагивает «статуса кво» в распределении власти между действующими силами. Во второй части описывается конфликт ...
Added: November 30, 2016
, , Doing lexical typology with frames and semantic maps / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "Linguistics". 2014. No. 18.
In this paper we present an approach to lexical typology which will be referred to as the “frame method”. It was developed and tested in the Moscow Lexico-Typological Group and is currently used in all its projects, such as Majsak, Rakhilina (eds.) 2007, Britsyn et al. (eds.) 2009, Kruglyakova 2010, Reznikova et al. 2012. Our ...
Added: December 15, 2014
Когнитивные исследования языка. Вып. XXIII : Лингвистические технологии в гуманитарных исследованиях : сборник научных трудов
М., Тамбов : Институт языкознания РАН; Издательский дом ТГУ им. Г.Р. Державина, 2015
В сборнике представлены материалы, отражающие современные направления изучения лингвистических технологий в гуманитарных исследованиях. Обсуждаются с когнитивной точки зрения вопросы трансфера знаний, использование когнитивных технологий в современных гуманитарных науках, исследование языкового сознания с помощью применения данных технологий. Особое внимание уделено технологиям когнитивных исследований в лингвистике, в частности, технологиям моделирования и интерпретации языка и речи на грамматическом ...
Added: November 26, 2015
, М. : ТрансАрт, 2013
This monograph studies English words denoting a human being in modern English. Contemporary research methods and techniques enabled us to comprehensively analyse semantic and discourse features of the lexical units and to reconstruct the conceptual structures that uderlie these language features. Analysing well-established and new words revealed the different conceptual components that became the basis ...
Added: March 18, 2014
СПб. : ИВЭСЭП, Знание, 2015
The collected papers contain articles by famous and young scientists on actual problems of philology (cognitive linguistics, lexical semantics, semiotics, pragmatics, text linguistics, stylistics; poetics, literary criticism; translation, intercultural communication). The issue also presents research on foreign language teaching methods. The edition is addressed to linguists, translators, teachers, postgraduates, students and a wide readership. ...
Added: March 30, 2016
, Екатеринбург : УрО РАН, 2011
The professor of Catholic University San Antonio (Spain) Joaquin Jareno Alarcon`s book "Religion and relativism in the views of Ludwig Wittgenstein" - one of the possible interpretations of the ideas and attitudes of great Austrian philosopher, an attempt to extract the religious perspective from his controversial legacy, hidden behind the logical categories. The author analyzes ...
Added: November 1, 2015
, Вестник Нижегородского университета им. Н.И. Лобачевского 2016 № 2 С. 192-199
No study of meaning is possible without recourse to knowledge. In this context, semantics should first at all define what particular type of knowledge should be used in interpretation - an objectified in public practice taxonomic knowledge or alternatively opinions and views, witch are not always reliable. Obviously we would not be able to find ...
Added: February 16, 2016
, ΣΧΟΛΗ. Ancient Philosophy and the Classical Tradition 2019 Vol. 13 No. 2 P. 513-536
The paper provides a historical background for the “reversal” concept of truth. In Attic drama, Plato found a way to approach the problem of conflict between the good and justice. By overcoming deficiencies of tragic representations, Plato came to understand human reality as a complex plot, prone to a complete change. His philosophical solution consisted ...
Added: October 10, 2019
, , Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 14. Право 2020 Т. 11 № 4 С. 774-812
In Russian legal texts there are many various language-based phenomena identified by lawyers as “cases of indeterminacy.” Looking at these phenomena from a linguistic point of view allows one to offer their meaningful classification. This article presents such a classification. It is based on the traditional distinction between ambiguity (we discuss only lexical, structural, and ...
Added: November 1, 2020