Gatekeepers in Russian High-Tech: a Study of Heads of Leading Research Centers
Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. 39.
The paper proposes one of the first attempts to conceptualize the “human capital” in science and technology gatekeeping in Russia, based on obtaining sociological data on real active subjects. The study strives to provide analytical information on the specific characteristics and stances of individuals making a decisive contribution to the development of strategic areas in science and technology. In Russia, the most perceptible impact on changing the situation of new scientific knowledge production and, in particular, high-tech development comes from heads of “advanced” research laboratories. Capable of forming and carrying out their own research programmes, in the majority of instances they act as “gatekeepers” of the high-tech sector. In the first stage a quantitative questionnaire survey was carried out by means of a formalized interview (312 respondents). In the second stage qualitative information was collected using in-depth semi-structured individual interviews with the managers of leading laboratories in their field (31 interviews). The information on the gatekeeping strategies in the six science and technology priority areas was obtained. Research on the expert community associated with high-tech projects logically fits into the “cluster” of foresight studies, supplementing it with “human capital”.
, / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2014. No. WP BRP 32/STI/2014.
Adopting a Bourdieusian perspective, human capital of research team in the paper is understood as the configuration of the active properties of individual team’s members and the distribution of differences of their active properties. The paper describes a research team as an ensemble of social distinctions determined by a distribution of “active properties” of the ...
Added: December 3, 2014
, , Социологические исследования 2018 № 5 С. 84-98
The article analyzes dynamics of some indicators of the human capital of Russians in the context of changes in the relations between employees and employers. It is shown that the general vector of these changes is the shift of balance of power between them in favor of employers, which has led to non-compliance with the ...
Added: August 29, 2018
Zürich : London Research Press, 2013
The world is changing. From shopping malls to transport terminals, aircraft to passenger ships, the infrastructure of society has to cope with ever more intense and complex flows of people. Today, more than ever, safety, efficiency and comfort are issues that must be addressed by all designers. The World Trade Centre disaster brought into tragic ...
Added: January 17, 2014
, , , Вестник Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований. Гуманитарные и общественные науки 2019 № 4 С. 39-47
The common indicators of human capital of Russian blue collars are typical for the post-Soviet countries, but are highly dispersed by age groups, industries, and types of settlement. Still, these indicators are very low for 75% of Russian blue collars, while the rest have quite high-quality human capital and constitute a talent pool for a ...
Added: January 30, 2020
, , Общественные науки и современность 2018 № 3 С. 17-32
The article shows that the educational level of Russian workers is quite high though the overwhelming majority of them do not have professional education for their job or education in adjacent areas (except for training directly at a workplace). Moreover, they do not seek professional training and do not attempt to receive it in any ...
Added: August 30, 2018
, Журнал исследований социальной политики 2018 Т. 16 № 2 С. 311-326
Based on the data of 25th wave of RLMS HSE (2016), the article considers such an important element of workers’ human potential as their physiological resource, which is operationalized through indicators of age and health (including presence of disabilities, 23 types of chronic diseases and self-assessments of health). The traditions in this area, in particular ...
Added: August 28, 2018
, The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies 2019 Vol. 14 No. 4 P. 19-50
The literature tends to neglect the role of individuals in formal skills training in Russia during the period of economic growth between 2001 and 2014. The present study addresses this oversight. Although to a certain extent, studies have associated the prosperous years of recent economic growth in Russia with training, they have not considered that the Russian population ...
Added: March 11, 2020
, Социологические исследования 2020 № 10 С. 71-83
The jobs of professionals in modern Russia are extremely heterogeneous and differentiated not only by industry, but also by opportunities they offer their employees, as well as by requirements for the knowledge, experience and personal characteristics of them. Because of this, not all the jobs of professionals can be described as forming structural prerequisites for ...
Added: January 26, 2021
, , , Вопросы образования 2010 № 2 С. 118-135
Hindering competitors learning and «Trojan education» in social interactions One of the most efficient ways to render a competitor unable to cope with the rapidly changing world is to taper with their ability to learn new activities. In education sphere, the competition takes the form of obstructing a competitors learning, or of «Trojan education»: the ...
Added: October 18, 2012
“Keep open”: the potential of gatekeepers for the aligning universities to the new Knowledge Triangle
, , Technological Forecasting and Social Change 2017 No. 123 P. 191-198
Universities are increasingly seen as institutions which anticipate and address the challenges induced by interactions within the Knowledge Triangle (KT). The interactions between actors in the KT force individual agents to adjust and refine their models of operation and provide targeted output which supports the activities of other agents. Among companies, we saw the emergence ...
Added: August 17, 2016
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2018. No. 87.
The paper analyzes the existing approaches to the concept of scientific career, as well as career patterns of PhD holders. The authors consider the choice of alternative career options that do not involve a strict hierarchy or a clear understanding of where a person’s career path will take him. Taking into account the approaches developed ...
Added: October 2, 2018
, , , Foresight and STI Governance 2016 Vol. 10 No. 2 P. 44-56
The continuous growth of investment in R&D in Russia and the world increases the demand for optimal allocation of public funds to support the most productive scientific performers. These are, however, hard to conceptualize and measure. First, we need to consider the nature of research activity itself and, second, we need to evaluate a number ...
Added: June 21, 2016
, Креативная экономика 2010 № 4(40) С. 9-16
Тhe article describes the unifying role of scientific and technological progress in the global economy, in which it is one of the most significant factors at the present time ofglobal international integration. ...
Added: January 4, 2013
Исследование зарубежных методик и отечественных практик определения экономического ущерба, наносимого гибелью в результате ДТП
, , , Экономическая социология 2015 Т. 16 № 5 С. 77-102
This article provides a review of approaches used to assess the costs of social and economic damage caused by fatalities in road accidents in Russia and other countries. The urgency of the problem is shaped by the high mortality rates of people involved in road crashes in our country compared to other countries. At the ...
Added: November 30, 2015
, , Экономическая социология 2021 Т. 22 № 2 С. 81-108
The goal of the paper is to identify the relationship between participation in professional training financed by the employer and its non-economic effects: subjective control and job satisfaction (including satisfaction with pay and with professional growth opportunities). According to the human capital theory, par- ticipation in professional training accumulates both specific and general hu- man ...
Added: March 31, 2021
, Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2010 Т. 14 № 3 С. 326-348
The paper uses meta-analysis to investigate the evolution of returns to education in Russia during the economic transition. We present the evidence of strong increase in returns to education in the 1990s. The returns to education peaked at 8% per additional year of schooling in the early 2000s. Since the mid-2000s the positive trend has ...
Added: October 13, 2012
Программирование культурной реальности в «умном» городе «квантового» общества: объекты и задачи урбанистической логистики (часть 2)
, Логистика сегодня 2016 № 5 С. 284-294
В статье проанализированы взгляды известного западного мыслителя Л. Витгенштейна на процессы и структуру общества, выявлена роль базовых ценностей, формирующих культурную реальность архетипов человеческого капитала в «умном» городе. Автором рассмотрен ряд городских процессов через призму урбанистической логистики, проанализирована степень влияния на её объекты и задачи сигналов «гибридной» войны и новой экономической реальности. ...
Added: November 17, 2016
, / Высшая школа экономики. Series EDU "Education". 2012. No. 5.
This research focuses on estimating the signalling role of education on the Russian labour market. Two well-known screening hypotheses are initially considered. According to first of these, education is an ideal filter of persons with low productivity: education does not increase the productivity of a person, but it does give him the possibility to signal ...
Added: May 15, 2012
Мобильность как инновационная составляющая человеческого капитала: влияние на доход и на склонность к инновациям
, Уровень жизни населения регионов России 2012 № 12 С. 120-128
The article how labor mobility, including not only shown in the market but also potential mobility, influences on the wages of the employee and his propensity to innovate. Thus, using data from the own survey, the author analyses how mobility is rewarded in the labor market and whether mobile workers are more active in the ...
Added: December 17, 2012
, , Мир России: Социология, этнология 2017 Т. 26 № 3 С. 6-35
The article focuses on the questions concerning quality of the human capital of workers in modern Russia, their heterogeneity in that respect, and the role played by human capital in differentiation of Russian labor force in general and workers in particular. The analysis is based on the data from 24th wave of the Russia Longitudinal ...
Added: September 16, 2017
М. : Издательский дом «Дело» РАНХиГС, 2013
В книге продолжается обсуждение возможных развилок и вариантов российской социальной политики. Большое внимание уделено в книге проблематике бедности, среднего класса, пенсионной реформы и т.д. ...
Added: February 15, 2014
, , et al., М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012
Современная теория отводит инновациям роль одного из наиболее важных источников экономического роста, что подпитывает устойчивый интерес к изучению этого феномена, в том числе путем постоянного совершенствования информационной базы. Вниманию читателя предлагается описание некоторых результатов первого раунда проекта «Мониторинг инновационной активности предприятий», осуществляемого Национальным исследовательским университетом «Высшая школа экономики» на регулярной основе. Проект реализуется силами сотрудников Института ...
Added: December 19, 2012
, , / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2019. No. 103.
Mobility of highly qualified personnel between countries and regions is closely related to the issue of the effective distribution of human resources and the prospects for the innovative development of the state. The focus of this study is the interregional mobility of Russian researchers: the geographical movements of scientists between different regions (subjects of the ...
Added: November 13, 2019
, Вестник Института социологии 2018 № 24 С. 76-94
This article examines peculiarities when it comes to the distribution of economic statuses among the working population of Russia, as well as the interconnections of said statuses with various factors which affect an individual’s economic prosperity. Presented is a method for structuring a certain index, the purpose of which is to measure objective parameters of ...
Added: March 30, 2018