Cooperation at Different Stages of Innovation Process: the Effect on Company's Performance
In terms of current economic development desire to improve productivity and automate business processes is a key factor in the competition. In this regard, the development of the information technology industry has been growing rapidly for the past few decades. The life cycle of the product in this segment of the world economy is extremely small, and the product requires constant updates to meet the needs of customers and keep market positions. Therefore, many of the world market leaders actively apply the model of open innovation in its operations, achieving impressive successes.
In a detailed study of 20 newly-privatized Russian enterprises, Igor Gurkov and Shlomo Maital ask two important questions concerning ownership and performance. First, who really controls the newly-privatized enterprises and who is generally thought to control them - are they the same? Second, what is the relationship between the type of control - in particular, does one form of control lead to superior performance?
The authors find that, for nearly half of the firms, managers were perceived to be the real owners and controllers. But this perception is not borne out by reality. In all of the 20 companies surveyed, across a variety of industries, 51 per cent or more of the stock was found to be distributed among the employees. The implications of this situation for Western firms seeking partners with Russian privatized enterprises is spelled out.
This article is intended to summarize the key works on Quality Management in order to obtain a unified theoretical basis. Applicability to Russian companies is discussed. Differences between the classic quality paradigm and the TQM ideas are focused and studied thoroughly. Basing on the most recognized works of Crosby, Juran and Deming, the history of Quality Management ideas development is shown. Mechanisms of impact of implemented quality management systems on company results are shown, since it is required in order to perform an empirical study of quality management effectiveness. Also several aims for empirical studies are proposed. Possibility of Quality Management implementation for Russian companies is also discussed.
In recent years, innovation management has shown to be a very important topic for academics and professionals. However, the emphasis has mostly been on the upstream activities of the innovation management process and specifically about how to obtain as well as to integrate new sources of innovation beyond the traditional and internal R&D function. Conversely, the downstream activities of the innovation process, specifically marketing and commercialization, have attracted little research. But the situation is changing now due to governments and companies that have realized that in order for an innovation to be successful, it is not enough to have good new ideas: it must foremost be adopted by the market. As a consequence, there is currently a shift in priorities and a renewed interest in the marketing of innovation and especially in the adoption of original products or services, because one important function of marketing is to contribute to the adoption of innovative solutions by potential customers. This book aims to contribute to this advancement and to provide fresh conceptual insights and thinking about the manners to stimulate and to facilitate the adoption of every kind of innovation. This will be managed by a very diverse contributions exploring the role and the balancing of internal and external stakeholders in the marketing of innovation.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management