Discovering the Miracle of Large Numbers of Investigations in Russia: the Role of Competition Authority Incentives
Public Administration. PA. Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. 26.
Many antitrust investigations in Russia continue to present a challenge for the assessment of competition policy and international enforcement ratings. On the one hand, many infringement decisions may be interpreted as an indicator of high enforcement efforts in the context of rigid competition restrictions and the significant related harm to social welfare. On the other hand, many investigations proceed under poor legal and economic standards; therefore, the impact of decisions and remedies on competition is questionable. In fact, large number of investigations may indicate the ineffectiveness of antitrust enforcement. The article explains the possible effects of antitrust enforcement in Russia. Using a unique dataset of the appeals of infringement decisions from 2008-2012, we classify the investigated cases according to their potential impact on competition. A case-level analysis reveals that the majority of cases would never be investigated under an appropriate understanding of the goals of antitrust enforcement, restrictions on competition and basic cost-benefit assessments of agency activity. There are diverse explanations for the distorted structure of enforcement, including the incompleteness and imperfection of sector-specific regulations, rules concerning citizen complaints against the executive authorities and the incentives of competition authorities. Our analysis shows that competition agencies tend to pay more attention to the investigation of cases, which requires less input and, at the same time, results in infringement decisions with a lower probability of being annulled.
, , , International Journal of Public Sector Management 2016 Vol. 29 No. 3 P. 288-306
This paper aims to explain the impact of the incentives of competition authorities concerning antitrust enforcement on the structure of enforcement and understanding of the substantive norms and welfare standards in Russia using case-level evidence. Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on a unique dataset of appeals to infringement decisions in 2008–2012. Quantitative and qualitative analyses are ...
Added: January 28, 2016
Concerted practice enforcement in Russia: How judicial review shapes the standards of evidence and number of enforcement targets
, , Russian Journal of Economics 2020 Vol. 6 No. 3 P. 239-257
A judicial review of the infringement decisions of the competition authority substantially affects the standard of evidence in competition enforcement as well as the structure of cases that the competition authority takes. Enforcement against concerted practice in Russia represents a case-study of interaction between commercial courts of first instance, the Highest Court, the competition authority ...
Added: September 25, 2020
Oil Explains All: Desirable Organisation of the Russian Fuel Markets (on the Data of Three Waves of Antitrust Cases against Oil Companies)
, , Post-Communist Economies 2017 Vol. 29 No. 2 P. 198-215
This article considers the mutual influence of antitrust enforcement in petroleum product markets and competition legislation in Russia. An analysis of infringement decisions of the Russian competition authority allows us to understand the perceived goals of economic policy in this sector. The shift from antitrust investigations and infringement decisions to a very specific set of ...
Added: January 27, 2017
, , , М.: Библио-глобус, 2017
The monograph is devoted to research of motivating innovation activities. This topic is especially relevant nowadays when there is a tendency towards activation of companies' innovation activities, increase in expenses on technological innovations and growth of innovative companies in Russia. Not all Russian innovative companies realize the necessity of improving employee management system, which requires ...
Added: February 24, 2017
, Russland-Analysen 2010 No. 200 P. 2-4
The paper gives an overview on unemployemnt in Russia and the concequances of the crisis of 2008. ...
Added: December 9, 2012
, , et al., Journal of Economic Studies 2021 Vol. 48 No. 7 P. 1336-1345
Purpose – The paper investigates changes in consumption of pure alcohol, vodka, beer, wine and fortified wine by neighboring age classes of Russians. Design/methodology/approach – Data source is the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – HSE from 2000 to 2017. Age groups are those born in 1934 and older, in 1935–1944 and further with a 10-years interval till the group ...
Added: November 10, 2020
Russian cyclical indicators and their usefulness in real time: An experience of the 2008-09 recession
, Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis 2014 No. 1 P. 103-128
This report investigates the predictability of cyclical turning points in Russia. For years, anyone interested in Russia had access to a full set of common tools for business cycle analysis, such as several composite leading indicators, a purchasing managers’ index, enterprise and consumer sentiment indexes, and so on. However, the 2008-09 world financial crisis spread ...
Added: July 18, 2014
, Russia's Water Resources 2030: Policy Recommendations / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2015. No. 44.
The Foresight study presented in this paper is devoted to the sustainable use of water resources in Russia. The authors analyse possible trajectories of development in the three thematic areas (i) sustainability of water systems; (ii) water use by households and in industry; and (iii) new water products and services. The Foresight methods cover expert interviews ...
Added: August 31, 2015
State-controlled "national champions" of the Russian banking market: Concentration, competitiveness, and efficiency
, State-controlled "national champions" of the Russian banking market: Concentration, competitiveness, and efficiency / Social Science Research Network. Series "SSRN Working Paper Series". 2013. No. 2223686.
This paper tries to assess some of the effects from industrial policy of growing state-controlled "national champions" in the Russian banking industry. We look at market concentration and competitiveness and average bank efficiency. A modified method of calculating the indicators of market concentration suggests that main segments of the market have crossed the threshold of high ...
Added: February 25, 2013
Разрешение торговых конфликтов во Всемирной торговой организации: экономическое и правовое значение для России
, , , СПб.: ИД "Троицкий мост", 2021
The monograph is devoted to the resolution of trade and economic disputes in the WTO. Attention is drawn to the peculiarities and effectiveness of Russia's participation as a plaintiff, defendant and the third party in emerging interstate trade conflicts. An attempt is made to show the importance of the WTO's activities in resolving trade and ...
Added: June 11, 2021
Copula-Application To Modelling Russian Banking System Capital Adequacy According to Basel II IRB-Approach
, , Model Assisted Statistics and Applications 2012 Vol. 7 No. 4 P. 267-280
According to the strategy of the banking system development until 2015, the Central Bank of Russia is going to implement Basel II Internal-Ratings-Based (IRB) approaches in 2015, while Basel III is planned to be introduced in full starting from 2019. Taking into account the effects of the Basel II regulation during the crisis 2008-2009, in ...
Added: November 6, 2012
М.: ИНИОН РАН, 2004
Added: January 27, 2017
Exports-performance relationship in Russian manufacturing companies: Does foreign ownership play an enhancing role?
, , Baltic Journal of Management 2018 Vol. 13 No. 1 P. 20-40
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between export activity and firm performance for a positive impact of foreign direct investments. We also analyse two possible causes of the effect: technology transfer and financial support. The theoretical background is rooted in the resource-based approach taking into account multinational companies’ perspective ...
Added: October 15, 2016
, , , Climate Policy 2020 Vol. 20 No. 10 P. 1242-1256
Because the Russian economy relies heavily on exports of fossil fuels, the primary source of human-induced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it may be adversely impacted by Paris Agreement-based climate policies that target reductions in GHG emissions. Applying the MIT Economic Projection and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to assess the impacts on the Russian economy of ...
Added: January 15, 2020
, The Interaction of Grassroots Communities and Local Authorities in Russia / Высшая школа экономики. Series EC "Economics". 2015. No. 97.
Taking into consideration the underdevelopment of the Russian civil community it is of essential interest to touch upon local communities (known as TOS). Local governments and TOS communities could provide similar services and as such cooperate or compete with each other. Community initiatives could supplant poorly performing government services, or governments could outsource to communities ...
Added: July 28, 2015
, , , Foresight 2017 Vol. 19 No. 5 P. 528-540
Purpose – The purpose of the study is to show the technical potentials of a variety of renewable energy sources in Russia, as well as benefits from their deployment including hydrocarbon savings, emission reduction and lower energy cost. Design/methodology/approach – In the paper, Russia is compared with other countries in terms of actual installed capacity ...
Added: September 25, 2017
, , , Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика 2018 Т. 13 № 3 С. 97-112
The paper focuses on the development trends of the transport infrastructure of Eurasia in the context of the economic and political integration of the countries at this continent. Leading states of the Asia-Pacific region (APR) made proposals on large-scale infrastructure projects in the Eurasian space after financial crisis 2008–2009. Russia is extremely interested in integrating ...
Added: November 22, 2018
Россия в глобальном мире. Сборник научных трудов 10-й Всероссийской научно-теоретической конференции
СПб.: Издательство Политехнического университета, 2012
Сборник содержит материалы по проблематике: Россия в условиях глобального кризиса: внутренние и внешние угрозы; эволюция взглядов на роль государства в экономии; модель многополюсного мира; преемственность политической власти в России: история и современность; опыт управления развитием по пути национального проектирования; энергетическая безопасность Запада как вызов России; перспективы вступления России в ВТО: экспертные оценки и прогнозы; Россия ...
Added: February 14, 2013
, , Post-Soviet Affairs 2018 Vol. 34 No. 6 P. 412-429
This study seeks to discuss the survivability of charitable NGOs in Russia without foreign funding. We use cross-section data from a quantitative household survey conducted in April 2016 to investigate common giving patterns of Russians. Using statistic and regression analysis, we explore causes of donations and individual and social attributes of charitable giving in general ...
Added: October 5, 2018
Global challenges and trends in agriculture: impacts on Russia and possible strategies for adaptation
, , Foresight 2017 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 218-250
Purpose – This paper aims to analyse the mainstream and emerging global challenges and trends in the global agriculture sector. The analysis leads to a discussion on the present state of the Russian agroindustry and possible future strategies for adaptation in the context of the rapidly changing global environment. Design/methodology/approach – The design of this study is based on the ...
Added: June 23, 2017
М.: Русский сувенир, 2009
В коллективном исследовании особое внимание уделяется важнейшим элементам экономической безопасности, значение которых в сегодняшнем мире постоянно растёт. Вместе с ними рассмотрен комплекс социальных, правовых, экологических и иных проблем, в совокупности составляющих то, что можно назвать невоенными аспектами национальной и международной безопасности. ...
Added: April 13, 2013
Концепция «продовольственных режимов» как модель объяснения стратегий аграрного развития (на примере России и Бразилии)
, , et al., Вестник Российского университета дружбы народов. Серия: Социология 2019 Т. 19 № 2 С. 261-276
The ‘food regime’ approach was introduced as a historical method of “incorporated comparison” (P. McMichael). This comparison of the role of agriculture in the world-system made some scholars overemphasize an excessively unitary and coherent global food regime. The authors recognize this approach as a historical-comparative analytical tool to understand global trends, but argue that the Russian and Brazilian agrarian ...
Added: June 24, 2019
, , , Problems of Economic Transition 2010 Vol. 53 No. 3 P. 69-95
The article considers different approaches, all based on detailed statistical data, to determine which industries and commodities have high, medium, or low sensitivity to exchange rate fluctuations. The authors conclude that any exchange rate policy is an inappropriate tool to influence the structure of Russian economy. ...
Added: April 12, 2013
, International Journal of Culture,Tourism and Hospitality Research 2013 Vol. 7 No. 1 P. 3-10
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce findings of comparative analysis and various models based on cultural heritage resources to foster regional development. Design/methodology/approach – Comparison of operational schemes, market positions and branding of three successful cultural heritage centers in Germany, Great Britain and Russia demonstrates a variety of regional development models based ...
Added: October 22, 2013