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Working paper

Program Diversification and Specialization in Russian Higher Education Institutions

The article is related to the issue of program diversification with regard to the major forces determining that process. This study empirically examines the program diversity within Russian higher education institutions (HEIs), which have experienced significant changes. Comparing several historical types of specialized institutions, which were manly formed in the Soviet era, this study is assumed to bring insight into two key issues. Firstly, we investigate how the specialized institutions have been transformed with the regard to new circumstances. Secondly, we take a general interest in what have determined these transformations. We assume that the level of diversification and program drift is defined by the two most influential forces: state regulation and market. The empirical evidence of the changes of HEIs internal diversification includes quantative analysis of number of students distributed throughout eight fields of education.