Социально-экономическая эффективность государственных инвестиций в медицинские технологии (на примере лечения отдельных заболеваний костно-мышечной системы и соединительной ткани).
Possibility to apply a method of real options during assessment of economic effi ciency of the liquefi ed natural gas (LNG) production projects is demonstrated; a task to estimate economic effi ciency of industrial facilities reservation in LNG production projects is put, and an approach to its fulfi llment is suggested. On the basis of the real options method the calculations and the main estimates of the economic effi ciency of the “Baltiyskiy SPG” project are presented in respect to special scenarios of its realization.
The theoretical contribution to the economics and statistics of the following prominent scientists and public figures is resurrected and described. Firstly, Marx’s associate, but largely independent figure - F. Engels, secondly, Nobel Prize winner of 1972 Kenneth J. Arrow, in ensemble with the subject article "Efficiency", thirdly, striking statistician, who concurred with E. Slutsky, - G.U. Yule, fourthly, the founder of the quantity theory of money David Hume, then, one of the authors of the monetary reform of 1922-1924 held in Soviet Russia - Leonid N. Yurovsky, then, one of the first major American economists Allyn Abbott Young, then two prominent pre-revolutionary Russians - academician Ivan I. Yanzhul, and the teacher of Ladislaus von Bortkiewicz - Corr. of Petersburg Academy of Sciences Yulii Janson.
The main result achieved in this research to be considered is the new valuation methodology having been derived in the real options' framework. The new model allows to estimate the additional effect given to the independent companies by their co-financing, the real options' approach having been applied. Thus, the new methodology is based on the newly derived formula Ito for several independent Wiener processes. In this article the valuation results achieved by the new methodology having been implemented are compared with the ones recieved by the conventional income approach. Here some basic distinctions of the model should be hilighted:
The comanies of interest are to be independent, i.e. none of them should get any economic effect from the free cash flow of that of the others.
The companies of interest are to be public corporations with their shares being characterised by a high liquidity level, in order to be able to become a good approximation for the Weiner process.
The newly developed IT solution, based on the model having been proposed, is in charge of the Higher School of Management of the St. Petersburg University and is taught under the 'Financial management' Masters' programme.
The article examines the relationship between HRM-practices and “social” and “economic” effectiveness of Russian business organizations. The first part of the paper reviews international conceptual approaches to analyzing HRM-practices in context of organizational performance and relevant research results. Special attention is paid for critical analysis of research methodology. In the second part, results of empirical study in 80 Russian organizations are presented. Using multilevel data the authors conclude that during economic recession after 2008 there was positive lagged effect of HRM “bundles” of hiring, training, and assessment under the condition of existence of “positive” labour practices in organizations.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.