An Ongoing Reversal Of Fortune Among Russian Cities: City Age, Natural Resources, And Changing Spatial Income Distribution
The article is devoted to the city pair of Blagoveshchensk (Russia) and Heihe (People’s Republic of China), the only city pair in Russian-Chinese borderland that describes itself with the term “twin-cities”. The current contribution reconstructs the history of appearance of the twin-cities concept in Russian-Chinese agenda. On the basis of interviews and questionnaires collected in the cities in question the paper examines specificity of understanding of “twin-cities” concept and its practical execution in the Asian context. Exploring the extent to which the twin-cities relations model is applicable to Russian-Chinese border cities, the author concludes that cooperation predominantly exists in a form of bilateral annual events in various spheres (culture, education, sport, etc.) and dialog between delegations of region’s/city’s representatives, not in a form of direct people-to-people or institution-to-institution cooperation. The lack of local initiatives to cooperate (almost zero-amount of initiatives not from region’s/city’s administrations) is named as a main drawback of Blagoveshchensk and Heihe relations. While planned character of cooperation makes the calendar of joint events stable and predictable, it also keeps Russian-Chinese cooperation staying on the ritual level and prevents it to become a necessary part of everyday life.
Dynamic model of efficient allocation of water with three sources of water supply (groundwater, surface water and the recycling technology with limited capacity) is constructed and analyzed. It is shown that in case of binding capacity constraint we can abandon the use of groundwater at some moment and then revert to it some time in future. Efficient path could be decentralized under suitable water tariffs. Comparative analyses of water tariffs for the two users that differ only in terms of the availability of recycling technology are undertaken.
Mastering the North was a long-term problem for the Russian state, which at least from the eighteenth century tried to organize the effective use of its resources. This chapter illustrates two very distinct foreign models employed for the “state colonization” of the Russian North in a formative period between the Great Reform of 1861 and Stalin’s industrialization of 1930s: Norway and Canada. Although the use of the Norwegian model for colonization of the Russian North is relatively well studied, “railway colonization” of 1920s is not that well known,and very few works embrace both imperial and early Soviet periods of colonization.
The 500th anniversary of one of the historic creative districts of the world, Bairro Alto, in Lisbon (Portugal) served as a catalyst for the publication of this interactive e-book. In a journey that starts in the heart of the Bairro, several authors and artists take us on a journey to different creative districts around the globe. Creative Districts around the world is a snapshot of the dynamic changes taking place in very different cities, such as London, New York, Johannesburg or Melaka.
Proceedings of papers presented at the Joint Workshop on Borderlands Modelling and Understanding for Global Sustainability carried out under the auspices of three international associations of researchers: 1) ISPRS - International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing; 2) IGU - International Geographical Union; 3) ICA - International Cartographic Association.
This article conducts a plant-level study of the factors affecting foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow to a large openning economy endowed with specific factor advantages. We conclude that the distribution of FDI in the Russian regions depends on market access and can be most notably by the knowledge-capital framework. Factor endowments built by natural resources are more successful in explaining the location decisions of export-platform affiliates. The impact of natural resources depends on how the availability of these resources is measured. The results reject the crowding-out effects of resource FDI and prove co-location mode, when service investments are attracted to resource-rich regions. Labour cost advantages better explain the preferences of non-trading service affiliates