The Political Economy of Russian Gubernatorial Election and Appointment
Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики , 2012. No. 09.
Political and economic outcomes depend, in part, on the quality of the officials making policy. Many scholars argue that the free and fair elections are the best method for selecting competent officials. Others, however, argue that elections can lead to the selection of amateurs, demagogues, and political sycophants. Under this view, sub-national officials should be appointed by centralized planners who are insulated from local popular pressures. In this paper, we use original data on the biographies of Russian regional governors to determine whether the backgrounds of governors elected between 1992 and 2004 differ from the backgrounds of appointed governors post-2004. We find that the two groups are surprisingly similar on many dimensions. Elected and appointed governors have similar career backgrounds, ages, educational profiles, and ethnicities. But there are some important differences as well. Elected governors, are more likely to have held elected office and be from the region where they serve. Appointed governors are also more likely to be federal bureaucrats, hold a graduate degree, and have education in economics. Finding that the selection mechanism explains only a small portion of the variance in governor backgrounds, we conclude the paper by speculating on other possible explanations for variation in governor background.
, , , The Political Economy of Russian Gubernatorial Election and Appointment / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2012. No. 01.
Political and economic outcomes depend, in part, on the quality of the officials making policy. Many scholars argue that the free and fair elections are the best method for selecting competent officials. Others, however, argue that elections can lead to the selection of amateurs, demagogues, and political sycophants. Under this view, sub-national officials should be ...
Added: August 27, 2012
, , et al., Europe-Asia Studies 2014 Vol. 66 No. 8 P. 1213-1233
Political and economic outcomes depend, in part, on the quality of the officials making policy. Many scholars argue that free and fair elections are the best method for selecting competent officials. Others, however, argue that elections can lead to the selection of amateurs, demagogues, and political sycophants. Under this view, sub-national officials should be appointed ...
Added: October 4, 2013
Год после избрания: анализ политического позиционирования губернатора Рязанской области Николая Любимова
, , Бизнес. Общество. Власть 2018 № 29 С. 115-130
Ryazan Region is one of the Russian regions that has deeply stagnated over the past decade. To solve this problem, the federal authorities often attract the governors-«varyags», effective regional managers, who have proven themselves in the leadership of other regions of the Russian Federation. Nikolay Lyubimov, one of the authors of the «Kaluga economic miracle», ...
Added: December 2, 2018
, Journal of Politics 2012 No. 74(2) P. 1023-1037
Elections are among the most important and least understood institutions in contemporary authoritarian regimes. Theoretically, electoral authoritarian regimes should have an informational advantage that makes them more robust than other types of authoritarian regimes, but much empirical evidence suggests otherwise. In this article we offer a new perspective on why this might be the case. ...
Added: December 31, 2012
Buying Loyalty Of Voters Or Local Elites? Political Alignment And Transfers To Provinces In Tutelary Regimes: The Case Of Iran
, Buying Loyalty Of Voters Or Local Elites? Political Alignment And Transfers To Provinces In Tutelary Regimes: The Case Of Iran / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series PS "Political Science". 2020. No. 73.
The paper investigates the impact of an electoral support for president for short- and long-term transfers between national and provincial governments in tutelary regimes. The research uses the case of Iran; the database covers 330 observations for 30/31 provinces for 2005-2015. The results show that Iranian presidents target short-term transfers for disloyal provincial elites, while ...
Added: August 10, 2020
How Multilevel Elite Loyalty Strengthens Electoral Authoritarianism: Evidence from Gubernatorial Elections in Russia
, , How Multilevel Elite Loyalty Strengthens Electoral Authoritarianism: Evidence from Gubernatorial Elections in Russia / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2016. No. 36.
Maintain autocratic regimes is widely acknowledged to require elites loyalty. However, loyalty of which elites is more important to establish high voting for an autocrat? Basing on empirical evidence of gubernatorial election in Russia we explore how conflicts between the governor and the elites at municipal and regional levels affect incumbents election outcome. We find ...
Added: May 15, 2017
, В кн.: История СССР/РФ в контексте современного россиеведения. .: М.: Проспект, 2011.. Гл. Раздел 1, глава 3. С. 50-68.
Глава посвящена истории и познавательному потенциалу регионоведения. Представлены базовые сведения о данной междисциплинарной области научного знания, ее ключевые понятия и концептуальные подходы. Особое внимание уделено региональным особенностям и тенденциям развития России. ...
Added: March 10, 2013
, SYSTEMIC OPPOSITION AT RUSSIA’S GUBERNATORIAL ELECTIONS / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2015.
This study is based on descriptive analysis of systemic opposition in Russia and its regions. We focus on the procedure and results of gubernatorial elections held in 2012-2015 in 62 regions (twice in two of them). The author has analyzed statistical information on electoral participation and performance of the opposition at gubernatorial elections, along with ...
Added: December 7, 2015
, , , Bureaucratic Appointments in Hybrid Regimes / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series PS "Political Science". 2012. No. 11.
Scholars associate bureaucratic quality with economic development. One particularly important component of a well-functioning bureaucracy is meritocratic promotion. This paper explores the conditions under which politicians will appoint high-level bureaucrats on the basis of economic performance. We argue that two key features of democracy—electoral competition and media freedom— increase the incidence of performance-based appointments among ...
Added: January 17, 2013
Лондон, Балтимор: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001
Overview Russia is a country of great complexity—eighty-nine subject regions, ethnic diversity, economic variance across regions, the power struggle of Moscow versus the regions—and multiple realities—urban versus rural, rich versus poor, and cosmopolitan versus provincial, just to name a few. Fragmented Space in the Russian Federation explores Russia's complexity and the meanings of the country's internal ...
Added: April 12, 2013
, В кн.: XVII Апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества: в 4 кн.. Кн. 2.: М.: Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017.. С. 160-167.
Исследование демонстрирует значительную преемственность практик региональных выборов в постсоветской России, но при снижении уровня и изменении элитной и партийной структуры электоральной конкуренции на последнем этапе, характеризующемся более жесткой селекцией кандидатов и внедрением федеральными властями новых правил игры для партий и губернаторского корпуса. ...
Added: December 7, 2016
, , Problems of Post-Communism 2018 Vol. 65 No. 4 P. 243-252
By permitting early resignations of the governors of Russia's regions, followed by their participation in premature elections, the federal center seeks to facilitate their long-term political survival. This study uses the data from 2013-2015 gubernatorial elections in order to reveal the Kremlin's motivations for this strategy. The analysis demonstrates that in contrast to the previous ...
Added: September 18, 2017
, , , From Competition to Dominance: Political Determinations of Federal Transfers in Russian Federation / Высшая школа экономики. Series EC "Economics". 2011. No. 12.
The recent uprisings in the Middle East have cast doubt on the degree to which existing theories of autocracy can correctly identify which groups threaten the autocrats rule at any given time. As a result, these theories are unable to predict fundamental upheavals in established autocracies. Who is the biggest threat to the autocrat, though, ...
Added: August 28, 2012
, , in: Politics in the Russian Regions. .: NY, Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.. P. 138-160.
In the wake of the Russian transition to a market economy, the interaction of new post-Soviet business and regional/local government has become one of the most important issues on the political agenda. "Business-power" relations has also become one of the most important and popular themes in scholarly study. But there remains a need for a more scientific background ...
Added: April 24, 2020
Эффекты изменения избирательного законодательства и представительство: региональные, национальные и бизнес элиты
, Политическая наука 2015 № 1 С. 114-127
The research is devoted to the effects of evolution electoral systems to politics. The article analyses results of the electoral reform in Russian Federation from the point of view of elite representation. It is stated on the basis of the frequency analyses that legislative changes in countries of the electoral authoritarianism are aimed at preserving ...
Added: October 25, 2013
, Научный Татарстан 2011 № 1 С. 58-62
The article deals with the specific character of the development of federative relations in Russia, the character of reflection of these processes in mass consciousness of Russians and the role of federative policy in preservation of Russia’s integrity in difficult historical period of its statehood. ...
Added: October 28, 2015
The institutionalization of the party system in Russia: opportunities and threats at the elections of governors
, , et al., The institutionalization of the party system in Russia: opportunities and threats at the elections of governors / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2014. No. 17/PS/2014.
Does the level of party system institutionalization influence high-level incumbents’ electoral support within subnational authoritarianism? Is it possible to ensure the incumbents’ electoral success only with electoral manipulative practices and to what extent this and other factors contribute to the incumbents’ walkover? In this paper, we argue that manipulative practices are not the only and ...
Added: October 23, 2014