Zaubermärchen, Mythos und symbolische Figuren im sowjetischen und postsowjetischen historischen Metanarrativ
The article analyses main historoical myths and symbolic poits of reference, structuring offitial pictures of the (mainly medieval) past in the Soviet and post-Soviet metanarratives.
This book on changing narratives of Russian history will trace cultural mythologies from the period when the Russian Empire was created, during the reign of Ivan IV (1547-1584), to its fall in 1905. The boundaries of our discussion are two seminal works: the Muscovite Book of Royal Degrees, produced between 1555 and 1564 in the Moscow metropolitans’ workshop, and the Course on Russian History (1904-1911), written by Vasilii Kliuchevskii, the most authoritative figure among Russian historians before the Bolshevik Revolution. Among the other authors whose views on Russian history have made major contributions in this area and founded schools are Vasilii Tatishchev, Nikolai Karamzin, and Sergei Solov’ev. We will also look at the narratives produced by foreign historians, some at the request of Russian institutions and others composed to give readers in their native lands a sense of Russian history.
Cultural and political implications of the first post-soviet lustrum since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Self-representation of politicians in the era of Boris Yeltsin.
This paper is critical comment of a Russian Islamicist to the recent issue of the journal State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide devoted to the interdisciplinary study of contemporary Islam in Russia and abroad. Basing on his rich experience of archival and fieldwork among the Muslims in Russia's North Caucasus the author discusses strong and weak points of contemporary scholarship of Islamic reformation. The focus is made on current academic narratives and languages of analytical description. The topics of resistance, modernization and reformation of Muslim societies seem to be exaggerated in them. They do not exhaust all the diversity of problems related to Islam in the modern context. Moreover, these themes used to be approached according to misleading conceptions dating back to the colonial and Cold war periods. The author argues that the narrative of Islamic reformation proposed by Irina Starodubrovskaia is inappropriate to the study of contemporary Muslim societies. It failed to establish interdisciplinary dialogue and was rejected by most experts. Instead, he proposes to seek alternative and not so essentialist explanatory models that should pay more attention to Muslims as active actors in the globalized modern world, their religious discourses, practices and social networks.
Der Begriff "Meistererzählung" ist in den letzten Jahren in der öffentlichen Debatte häufig als Kampfbegriff gebraucht worden, wenn es darum ging, gegnerische Positionen als ideologisch zu brandmarken. Weniger bekannt ist dagegen der Versuch innerhalb der historischen Wissenschaften, diejenigen Meister- oder Metaerzählungen zu identifizieren, die der Praxis des Forschens in spezifischen Disziplinen unausgesprochen zugrundelagen. In diesem Band erörtern sieben Fachleute, an welchen Erzählmustern sich die Historiographie, die Literatur- und Musikgeschichtsschreibung seit dem 19. Jahrhundert orientiert haben, wenn es darum ging, dem Mittelalter einen Platz in einem allgemeineren Geschichtsbild zuzuweisen.
The paper examines the history of dissemination in 14th-17th centuries in different european countries (especially in Eastern Europe), of one curious text, known as the "Privilege of Alexander the Great for the Slavs." Particular attention was given to the specifically Russian version of this text appeared in the latter half of the XVI century.
The article demonstrates different ways of creating and evolving of suitable past used by Russian bookmen in 16th and 17th centuries.
The article follows the changing images of Jan Hus und the Hussites in Rusian Empire, the Soviet Union and postsoviet Russs