Феномен одиночества и "порыв к Другому" в итальянской литературе: от неореализма до наших дней
«Attainment of oneself» has not been systematically examined in psychology. Since that, the paper is aimed to reveal the importance of studying it in actual sociocultural context and the humanities. The «attainment of oneself» is considered as holistic, mediated by reflection “I” abilities realization in the field of leading life relationships. «New pesronology» is research area, and pesonological hermeneutics is used as a method. The reflexive model of “I” abilities towards the Other is presented. It’s application for analyzing the process of attainment of oneself in love relationships is demonstrated.
The novel of Elsa Morante «History» (1974) is studied. Elsa Morante is a prominent Italian writer of the XX-th century. The genre characteristics, the features of historical novel and connections with classical French and Russian literatures are analyzed. The novel relates to the Second World War, it is based on the narration of stories of lives of simple people, and the influence of macro-history to the micro-history is shown. In the conclusion it is revealed that the novel «History» is a manifest against violence in general. «History» is a chronicle, based on different testimonies and on the life experience of the author. The language and the style completely correspond to the genre of chronicle.
Christianity is a missionary religion by definition. Yet, as Christianity became imperial ideology, the attitude towards "barbarians" began to change: the classical Greco-Roman perception of "other" as non-human finds its way into the concept of Christianization. The author tries to outline methods of Byzantine mission, which Byzantines themselves never theoretize upon. Orthodox Christianity lost to its spiritual rivals the Nilr valley, the Middle East, Moravia, Croatia, Abkhazia, Hungary, Lithuania, Khazaria. This book explains why.