Демографические вызовы и социальные расходы
The paper focuses on the processes of social policy reforms, which are determined by the intentions of neoliberal ideologists to rationalize the relationships between the citizens and state. A trend towards rationalization was partially expressed by the new legislationon reorganization of responsibilities between the levels of authorities and monetization of privileges. Another aspect of these quite contradictory challenges is modernization of social services system. During the last few years some experiments took place in this area, in that number those supported by the international foundations and expert groups. Such innovations are directed towards the increase of effectiveness of social services as well as their managerialization. New rationalized standards often encounter the existing practices of performance and evaluation of quality and effectiveness of social services, as well as motivation of staff and methods of management, including managing quality of social services.
In the article there is analyzed modern stage and value of sphere of services in contemporary economics. There are reported main approaches to designing integrated theory of services. The special attention is paid to social services. It is proposed a new complex approach to the definition of social service as an object of managerial impact.
A survey investigating the risk of falling into poverty in Russia shows that after improvements in the level of well-being of the Russian population during the past decade, the situation has grown relatively worse during the current economic crisis and for the poor the situation will continue to worsen at an accelerated pace.