Проблема языка в философии Х. Плеснера
The article is about H. Plessner's view on language within the framework of his anthropological approach. In Plessner's anthropology language is the “true existential evidence” for eccentricity of the human position. According to Plessner language is a core feature of a human being and there is a strong coincidence between language and all the basic human characteristics such as: eccentricity, immanence, expressivity and the ability for the contact with reality (a cognitive function). So, Plessner proclaims that the initial function of language is an expressive but not a communicative one. At that the cognitive function is considered as an expression of eccentric positionality or as an objectivation of the expression. Plessner doesn't restrict himself solely to an instrumental interpretation of language, but also argues for language as communicative environment. The last idea refers to an approach to language as an intersubjective mode of human being. Language considered as a “structure of the human way of existence” is based on specifically human features such as abilities for imitation and objectivation, both supposed to express the eccentric positionality.