Масштабы и способы разрешения трудовых конфликтов
Key features and characteristics of small businesses in Moscow
The second half of the XX century was marked by a dramatic change in the information sector of the economy, which led to the serious transformation in traditional labor relations. There have appeared new forms of mass employment such as freelance and telejob. However in Russia this subject has not been studied yet while there is a large number of relevant empirical and theoretical studies carried out in the developed countries The paper presents a review of Western quantitative studies devoted to freelance and conducted since the beginning of the 2000s. The following issues are reflected upon: elaboration of new terminology, cross-country freelance statistics, advantages and disadvantages of freelance, motivation of freelancers, structure of work process; relations between freelancers and their customers; and professional communities of freelancers.
At the enterprises integrated into structure of multinational corporations, high-quality changes of the labor relations are observed. How traditional trade union' practices adapt to policy and actions of the new owner? What problems are generated by this interaction? How priorities and forms of trade-union organization work are changing? The author offers answers to these questions, analyzing Samara Metallurgical Plant experience.
The chapter analyses legal status of foriegn workers in Russia, pecularities of their labour contract, social insuarance and the role and competence of governing bodies, evaluating control over the foriegn workforce
There are results of the study "The problems of labor integration of able-bodied citizens in the city of Nizhny Novgorod", carried out in September-December 2013, consisting of 35 in-depth biographical interviews with able-bodied persons, reckoning on the basis of the sum of signs of low-resource groups.
This edition is the first Russian study of collective labor disputes, written by not only lawyers, but also sociologists, political scientists, economists, as well as direct participants in labor disputes - labor unions. The first section "Labour conflicts, collective labor disputes and strikes in Russia: problems of legal regulation and challenges in practice" prepared by leading Russian experts and is dedicated to the analysis of collective labor disputes, strikes and labor protests in Russia. The second section "Labor conflicts and strikes: a global context", submitted by foreign researchers, examines the current state of collective labor protests and strikes in Germany, Great Britain, Spain, South Africa and China. Annex "Collective labor disputes and strike: the possibility of using mechanisms and their effectiveness” is written by activists of Russian trade unions', who participated collective labor conflicts and strikes, and expressed their opinion on the effectiveness of these mechanisms in practice. The book will be interesting for practitioners in the field of labor relations, researchers, students, as well as a wide range of people interested in the issue.
The book focuses on the new kinds of conflict that arises in the transition to a market economy. Following an editorial introduction, two chapters develop theories from new empirical research into patterns of conflict and forms of trade unionism in Russian enterprises in the transition period. These are folloed by a detailed case study of the development of an independent trade union in one industrial enterprise, and a chapter which explores changes in the status hierarchy of the industrial enterprise. Two chapters then address the much-neglected issue of gender differentiation in the work place and both chapters question the supposed passivity of Russian women workers. The two final chapters address the issue of conflict and change in the external relations of enterprises through case studies of the process of bancruptcy and of conflict insiders and outsiders. Conflict and Change in the Russian Industrial Enterprise is the second volume in the series Management and Industry in Russia, reporning on the results of a unique programme of research into the restructuring of social relations in Russian industrial production.
This paper aims to explain the characteristics and internal mechanisms of protest activity and solidarity among Russia’s industrial workers over the past two decades. Both academic discussions and officials’ attitudes toward protests prove contradictory. Even in periods of increase, labor activism has remained limited. Yet authorities continue to show concern about real and potential discontent, while academics puzzle over the dominance of quiescence as well as the reasons for sporadic activism. The research presented in this article advances our understanding of both: the limits of protest, and the causes, forms and goals of Russian labor’s periodic collective activism. We rely on a combination of available statistical and recent survey data to try to resolve the paradoxes of labor’s quiescence and conflict, as well as elites’ neglect and concern. The research finds changes in patterns of labor activism over the two decades. During the 1990s, most strikes were limited, defensive, managed, or desperate in character. In Russia’s recovered economy, from 2006 a qualitatively different, “classical” pattern of strikes and labor relations emerged. Workers’ collective actions mainly affected large, profitable industrial and transnational enterprises and took the form of “normalized” bargaining and conflict between labor and management. With the 2008–09 recession workers returned to the defensive strategies of the 1990s, protesting wage cuts and factory closures. Survey research from 2010 shows workers to be almost evenly divided between groups with positive and negative attitudes toward solidarity and bargaining.