Возрастной состав населения России
The features of the demographic processes in the Primorsky Region in the last two decades are analyzed: the dynamics of fertility and mortality, changes in the sex-age structure of the population, the magnitude and direction of migration flows. Revealing factors influencing on the decline in population.
The principles of pension reform that has started in Russia in 2002 г. were not the same because of the social, economic and demographic changes. Nevertheless for the time being the situation in the pension sphere cant be determined as stable. The author analyses the main factors clarifying the current characteristics of the pension system in this country as well as the decisions made by the federal government. The future rise of the responsibility of the employed for their future incomes after reaching the pension age is considered to be inevitable.
A general algorithm for the decomposition of differences between two values of an aggregate demographic measure of age and other dimensions is realized as Excel/VBA. It assumes that the aggregate measure is computed from similar matrices of discrete demographic data for two populations under comparison. The algorithm estimates the effects of replacement for each elementary cell of one matrix by the respective cell of another matrix. The replacement runs from young to old ages.