The novel of Elsa Morante «History» (1974) is studied. Elsa Morante is a prominent Italian writer of the XX-th century. The genre characteristics, the features of historical novel and connections with classical French and Russian literatures are analyzed. The novel relates to the Second World War, it is based on the narration of stories of lives of simple people, and the influence of macro-history to the micro-history is shown. In the conclusion it is revealed that the novel «History» is a manifest against violence in general. «History» is a chronicle, based on different testimonies and on the life experience of the author. The language and the style completely correspond to the genre of chronicle.