Historism of scientific conception of S.L. Rubinstein which is the premise for the universality and fundamentality of scientist's ideas is grounded. Rubinstein's contribution to domestic history of psychology formation, to its principles, means of positive analysis and constructive critique of psychological approaches as well as its philosophic -methodological grounds forming is revealed. Based on Rubinstein's ontological approach the understanding of object and subject of history of psychology is given
The article considers historically the specific characters of the humanitarian knowledge through the struggle of the etepistemological paradigmes..