Преобразование социокультурного ландшафта дворцово-паркового комплекса Царицыно: biopower, governmentality, barrier technologies
Usually the impact of the science in the civilization development is identified as scientific-technical progress. Impact of the science in the moral and culture is important never the less. It is determined by peculiarities of the scientific argumentation, experiences. All of these obvious facts, however, relate only to the first round of correlation ethical themes with modern science. We are talking about the socio-cultural context of perception of science and its results of the society, that is, the ethical factors acting on the outside with respect to the position of science, is not inherent in science itself. The second round of the ethical issues in relation to science related to the problem of rationality. Post positivism demonstrated the role and importance of the normative, regulatory and valuable moment in the content of theoretical knowledge. In this regard, even the question arose about the different types of scientific rationality and normatively. In this case we are talking about statutory regulators built into the very content of scientific knowledge, internally inherent therein. There is another circle in which there are ethics and science. It is a question of ethics, regulations, acting in the scientific community, to be exact – communities. There is impossible to get adequate understanding of the genesis of the liberalism, multiculturalism without take into account this role of science.
The collapse of communism has opened up Russia and East-Central Europe to outside influences and enabled new lifestyle choices and forms of religious expression. Based on extensive ethnographic research, this collection uses a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodologies to examine some of the many subcultures and new religious movements that have emerged as part of this process, from members of utopian eco-communities, native-language hip-hoppers and nationalistic skinheads to various forms of Indian-inspired spirituality, neo-paganism and theosophy. Whether they reflect a growing sense of national or ethnic identity, the influence of globalization or a combination of the two, such groups highlight the challenge of creating a free, open and tolerant society in both Russia and new or prospective EU member states. The book seeks to contribute to academic and policy debates in this area by increasing understanding of the groups in question. The studies in this collection present selected findings from the three-year EU-funded project 'Society and Lifestyles: Towards Enhancing Social Harmonization through Knowledge of Subcultural Communities' (2006-2008), which included partners from a wide range of post-communist countries in Eastern Europe and from the UK.
In Europe the interaction of biker clubs with Christian churches is not surprising, biker churches and services became a usual thing, Catholics and Lutherans, led by their pastors, regularly hold large-scale national motorcycle events. In Russia biker movement emerged as a copy of west motocycle associations, but it gradually acquired its own specific features imposed, in particular, by the interaction between bikers and the Russian Orthodox Church. Such intertwining of Orthodox Christianity and biker clubs generates specific practices such as religious processions on motorcycles, motocycle religious services, motopilgrimages etc. Bikers take active part in patriotic events. Forms of interaction between bikers and the Russian Orthodox Church are the subject of my study.
The recent studies provide evidence, according to which Russian society has undergone significant change in the past 15-20 years. This change has, in the first place, affected the world perception of Russians, who face challenges and problems that are completely different from what they have been on the eve of this century. This has become clear in the end of 2008 - the beginning of 2009, not only because of the crisis, but also the exhaustiveness of many forms and methods of social organization of life, the degradation of democratic institutions, the reduction in social mobility rates and political activity of Russians. This article is based on the sociological studies of the Institute of Sociology of Russian Academy of Sciences, other sociological centers and is devoted to the analysis of the dynamics of social attitudes at this breaking stage in the history of Russia with its particular possibilities and threats.
This review essay examines debates on cultural populism among English-speaking cultural
theorists in the second half of the 1980s and early 1990s. These debates were inspired
by the development of the studies of popular culture and had a significant influence
on the transformation of the landscape of cultural studies in the context of their
academic and public expansion. The essay analyzes, firstly, the historical conjuncture of
the discussion and examines different points of view on cultural studies as a critical
theory and research project. Secondly, it points out the significance of this discussion
for the interpretation of the present state and perspectives of cultural studies, including
such new areas as fan studies, new media studies, and the like.