Development cycles of cities in the Siberian North
This chapter describes the development cycles of cities in the Siberian North. These cycles are typically connected to the boom-and-bust cycles in associated natural resource development. I discuss the oil and gas cities of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug “Ugra,” the Yamal peninsula, the Yenisei North (Igarka, Dudinka), and Dickson on the northern sea route. Using ethnographic interviews, I analyze the characteristics of different phases of development and changes in the social sphere and the mood of citizens across these phases and geographic areas. I discuss on the peculiarities of urban development in Siberia based on different resource exploitation histories and the possibilities of moving to a post-raw material stage of development in the Siberian North.