The world is changing rapidly. The novelty, variability, uncertainty of the future – have become the norm of life. Internal motivation, initiative, self-regulation become important vital qualities. The development of not only cognition, but also meta- knowledge becomes the norm of educational practice. It is important that education in this situation develops subjectivity and the ability to preadaptation. At the same time, it is important that the practice of education develops on the basis of psychological research. A review of existing studies is given and planned experimental studies in this direction are described.