Ошибки измерения издержек дезинфляции методом Болла
Appeal to the problems associated with the trade unions to influence socio-economic processes in the modern conditions, it is due to several important reasons. First, the weakening of trade union positions in the major industrialized countries of the West since the mid 70-ies of the last century largely violated formed over decades of social partnership mechanism and led to the loss of a number of social gains. Second, the mechanism of social partnership, which was formed in Russia since the beginning of reform, characterized by the fact that the trade unions can not yet be considered as equal parties, able to withstand the planned and already taken "unpopular" measures. In the course of economic theory examines the impact of the model of trade unions in the labor market is far from the real processes, and even distort them. In this article an attempt to show the differences between the effects of the trade unions in theory (and in textbooks expounding this theory) and in reality. For This critically examines two important thesis about the "dangers" of trade unions: the myth of the role of trade unions as a cause of unemployment and postulate about the contribution of trade unions in the unwinding of inflation, it shows how to use these theoretical positions to justify social policies, as well as traces the evolution of the main Russian claims and foreign trade unions. The conclusion about the need to review the provisions of the adverse effects of trade unions on the economy and social sphere in the textbooks on economic theory.
The article aims to analyze the influence of different types of corruption on inflation in case of independent Central Bank and, therefore, absence of seignorage. Basing on fiscal and monetary policymakers behavior, we use simple model to analyze the joint impact of “grand” and “petty cash” corruption on the Central Bank optimal inflation rate. Research offers a slightly different view on the corruption-inflation relationship and concludes that different forms of heterogeneous corruption affects inflation in various ways both directly and indirectly.