The representation of the First World War in Richard Schaukals „brass sonnets“ served the purposes of the political propaganda. The form of the sonnet, the three-part composition and the use of bombastic metaphors were subordinated to this purpose. Besides, the politicisation of the aesthetics also entails the politicisation of the art what has found her succinct picture in the „brass sonnets“.
The dream as a cultural figuration in Richard Beerhofmann „The death Georg“ permits us to open some row of constants of the modern age in Austria. These constants are Narzissismus, aesthetic perception of the world which stylises of all living to the art object, and disregarding of the social reality. At the example the dream in the work the artistic problems of the modern age are interpreted.
The paper focuses on the concept of leading European researcher of the history of Western esotericism Wouter Hanegraaff which was presented in the monograph «Esotericism and the Academy». This concept is briefly formulated as follows: Division by Alchemy and chemistry occurs through two types of scientific research. The first type is focused on the opening of the wisdom of the ancients in the interpretation of texts of earlier eras. The second type now known as chemistry is based on the language of experimental science. Hanegraaff’s approach, therefore, is opposed at the same time to the theories of positivists, Jung and Eliade, as well as the "new historiography" of Newman and Principe.
Article is dedicated to the problem of the formation of Lev Tolstoy's world views and evolution of his views on the violence and the war. There is shown Tolstoy's way from the patriotic directivity to the substantiation of idea nonviolence and the nonresistance to evil by force.