Экономические аспекты коллективизации и «раскулачивания» на Урале: агрегированные данные и первичные материалы с мест
The article, based on archives materials, analyzes a reaction of the victims of repressive policy (peasants and their home-folks) in Perm Region to the beginning of «dekulakisation» and expulsion, also discovers the motives of peasants' complaints to the authorities.
The method of econometric analysis is proposed that allows to study the influence of water resources quality on fish productivity in water bodies of fisheries import. The system of metrics is formed that facilitates optimization of the branch activity monitoring and makes it possible to explore, guiding by existing hydrochemical and hydrobiological resources of water bodies, the factors responsible for shaping the trajectory of the branch sustainable development. Basing on these considerations, the prognostic model is proposed that can predict fish productivity with higher precision as compared with the available analog. Using the Urals lakes as an example, it is shown that currently executed poor water-management system does not allow proper resources exploitation and aquaculture planning in water bodies of fisheries import.
This book examines the history of reforms and major state interventions affecting Russian agriculture: the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the Stolypin reforms, the New Economic Policy (NEP), the collectivization, the Khrushchev reforms, and finally the farm enterprise privatization in the early 1990s. It shows a pattern emerging from a political imperative in imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet regimes, and it describes how these reforms were justified in the name of the national interest during severe crises – rapid inflation, military defeat, mass strikes, rural unrest, and/or political turmoil. It looks at the consequences of adversity in the economic environment for rural behavior after reform and at longrun trends. It has chapters on property rights, rural organization, and technological change. It provides a new database for measuring agricultural productivity from 1861 to 1913 and updates these estimates to the present. This book is a study of the policies aimed at reorganizing rural production and of their effectiveness in transforming institutions.