Модальный аргумент Крипке и его развитие в западной философии сознания
The paper analyses the logical structure of Kripke’s modal essentialist argument against materialism and also puts it in the broader context of contemporary analytic philosophy of mind. The comparison is made between Kripke’s essentialism and that of Aristotle. It is argued that Kripke’s anti-materialist argument had influenced significantly related arguments of Thomas Nagel, Joseph Levine and especially David Chalmers. However, as for the former, Kripke's notion of «necessary a posteriori» puts some pressure on his zombie argument. Chalmers tries to deal with this problem by introducing two-dimensional semantics. Due to the strength and convincingness of Kripke’s argument physicalistic materialism nowadays has lost its status of «orthodox» stance in the analysis of consciousness.