Социальные ожидания в отношении государственной социальной политики в европейских странах: рациональные и ценностные детерминанты
This article demonstrates the influence of individual’s values on family values, educational values and family behavior. We conceptualize individual’s values as materialist and post-materialist values according theory of modernization by Ronald Inglehart. This analysis is based on result of 5 wave of World Values Survey. For analysis of cross-countries differences of family values and family behavior we used the regime of welfare. We divided the countries on four groups: countries with liberal regime of welfare, countries with conservative regime of welfare, countries with social-democratic regime of welfare and post-communist countries. During analysis we investigated the differences in family values of parents between four groups of countries. The results of research show that process of modernization, which is accompanied by changes in individual’s values leads to changes in family values and family behavior. These changes are characterized by variety of family forms and bringing up children emancipatory values. Regimes of welfare have strong association with family values and family behavior.
The paper proposes a political and legal approach to conceptualizing modern democratic state as law-governed, social and secular. It defines legal, institutional, and socio-political characteristics of law-governed, social, and secular state.