Concepts of Socio-Economic Development of Russia: myths and reality
The economic crisis has revealed three particularly vulnerable development in Russia in the last decade: a growing resource of expertise, aging equipment and the lag in scientific and technological progress, institutional obstacles to the growth of the market economy. The article discusses the components of economic growth. How quickly evolving new economy and whether overcome monocultural specialization of the country? How to make this growth sustainable and irreversible, everything been done to enhance scientific and technological potential of the Russian Federation, that these arguments comes from the myths that Russia - the best country in the world, and that reflects the actual trends that and that helps prevent the escalation of Russia from the industrial society to a post-industrial society.
The Russian Japanology Review contain several recent academic publications by Russian scolars in the sphere of Japanese studies.
Recent research of entrepreneurial activity is undoubtedly among the most dynamically developing areas of socio-economic studies and this is well maintained by the number of published papers, researchers attending panel discussions on entrepreneurial activity, and the growing lists of international peer review journals and conferences. However, along with the entrepreneurship legitimization problems, so far, prospects for development of entrepreneurial activity research remain uncertain.
Changes in methods and structure of this research mostly relate to the fact that Russia is undergoing a large-scale development of statistical methodologies to ensure consistency of the country’s statistics with international standards, and those of OECD as such, improve National Accounts System along with demographic data and National Healthcare statistics, design methodology for basic tables “costs-output”, and for statistical surveys of workforce, quality of life and households. In order to align with the business-logic and obtain timely and reliable statistical data on entrepreneurship, we find the conducted work critically important to meet current challenging issues. From this perspective, the research of anatomy of entrepreneurial activity can become a key element of the economic development evaluation and address the challenges of the modern society.
Keywords: statistics, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial activity, economy, challenges.
JEL Classification: M21; O1
The evolution of two subject economic areas is investigated and described - economy as an economic system and economic imperialism, from the stage of their origin to the present.
This chapter elaborates on entrepreneurship in developed and developing countries and focuses on the optimization of entrepreneurial activities. Various scenarios are considered: independent functioning of the market, integration in the form of reorganization (mergers and acquisitions), integration in the form of clustering, and integration in the form of innovational networks and technological parks. The optimal structure of the integration processes and best-case scenarios for its implementation to accelerate the rate and increase the quality of economic growth are substantiated. The potential for uptake of integration processes in stimulating economic growth through entrepreneurship is determined by the level of institutionalization in an economy. In developed countries, all forms of company integration are characterized by the high level of institutionalization, which allows for their effective use for economic growth. Independent companies, mergers, and acquisitions restrain economic growth and reduce its quality, while clusters, technological parks, and innovational networks accelerate the rate of economic growth and increase its quality. In developing countries, integration processes in entrepreneurship have a different influence on economic growth and require further institutionalization
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
State of economy, investment activity of business, interaction of business and authorities: old problems, new format of relations.
This article examines the industrial wastes and environmental effects of Soviet technological development through the history of the Karelian Isthmus, a border territory that had previously been Finnish. Focusing primarily on the history of two large enterprises – the Svetogorskii (former Enso) and Sovetskii (former Johannes) pulp and paper making plants, the authors illustrate the polluting nature of the Soviet economy in the 1940s-1980s. We contend that from the very beginning, important as they were for the USSR, the enterprises of the Isthmus were built into a system of shortages of techniques and materials that contributed to the hectic fulfillment of the plan. Producing pulp and pulp-based products remained a priority during the whole Soviet period. On the level of industrial enterprises, the Soviet system revealed itself as incapable of solving the problem of pollution and wasting. After waste treatment facilities developed by Soviet engineers in the 1960s turned out to be inadequate for dealing with increasing pollution, the Soviet authorities called on Finnish companies to carry out substantial modernization of a few enterprises on the Isthmus. This helped the modernized plants remain functioning in the age of economic crisis at the end of the Soviet epoch. Old problems, however, such as shortages and lack of expertise, remained pivotal, while new sources of pollution, such as carbon emissions, appeared. As a result, the level of contamination was still high and led to negative environmental impacts.