Новгородские служилые люди в лагере Сигизмунда III под Смоленском
The book is about the history of Novgorod the Great during the last period of the Time of Troubles: between the conquer of Novgorod by Jacob De la Gardie on July, 16, 1611 until Stolbovo Treaty 1617. The study is based primarily on the data from the archives of Novgorod City Office. Narrative sources, documents of Foreign Chancellery (RGADA, fond 96), many other acts of the epoch were also used in the study. The main result of the study is complex picture of many traits of Novgorod day-to-day life in early 17th century in the context of civil war and Swedish military occupation. The study is also the result of prosopographical study of more than 4600 carriers (and fates) of Novgorod and Pskov servicemen. The observation of Novgorod Archives in 1611-1617 is placed in the appendix to the book.
The siege of Smolensk by king Sigismund in 1609-1011 transferred the center of power in Muscovite State directly to the king’s camp. In Autumn – Winter 1610-lots of representatives of different strata of Muscovite servicemen. That created an unprecedented impulse to great intensive contacts of Muscovites with Polish and Lithuanian cultures.
There was significant number of second row actors in the king’s camp who however had played noticeable role in Novgorod political life in early 17th century. There were Matvey Lvov, one of military officers in Novgorod in 1611-1614, Bogdan Dubrowskijwho brought to Novgorod the message in 1613 that Mikhail Romanov was elected, Murat Peresvetov, gentleman from Rostov deserted to Sweden camp in 1613 near Tikhvin; some Novgorodians of higher level – Andrew Palycin and Lev Plescheev.
«Polish trace» in early 17th century Novgorod is practically unstudied. Episodes of 1610-1612, inconvenient to Romanov’s ideology, did not preserve in most of the official Muscovite sources. Meanwhile one must consider the experience in Smolensk camp in the biographies of Novgorodians while studying the Novgorod society of early 17th century.
The article deals with the newly founded document – a letter from Ivan Saltykov to Polish king Sigismund III from Ladoga fortress shortly taken from the troops of Colonel Delaville. There comes also analysis of letter’s language and characteristic of the historical context of its appearance.