Особенности уголовного законодательства, регулирующего вопросы противодействия контрафакту, в дореволюционной России
Counterfeiting has always been a problem. Counterfeiting is a term used to describe a range of illicit activities linked with trademark infringement. The paper we present focuses on victims to counterfeiting – owners of registered trademarks. The paradox is that they partly contribute to the market expansion of counterfeited goods. This happens because the modern production is subject to sign-consumption. In the Russian economy owners of registered trademarks are said not to be very active in combating with counterfeiting. All companies we interviewed may be divided into four groups: aggressive fighters, lazy fighters, and selfish-non-fighters and discouraged non-fighters. The key feature of all companies’ behavior is that they make great efforts to hide the information about fakes from all external observers. They are too scared of any negative information that can harm their brands and break the market status quo.
In the recent years there was a growing interest of the Russian researchers in the issues of management of large firms and industrial companies in the pre-revolutionary Russia. This interest also covered the role of the managers in the handling of labor conflicts (filing of petitions, raising demands, organization of strikes). In this paper the author, based on the archives and the published sources, performed a detailed analysis of the influence of the actions of the managers on the course and the outcome of two strikes which took place in 1890-s at one of the largest Russian textile works - the Yaroslavl Bolshaya Manufactura.