The effect of dielectric supports on the slowing factor and dispersion of the helical line in TWT is considered. A method for the calculation of the slowing down in the helical line with the complicated configuration of the dielectric supports is proposed. A procedure for the experimental study of dispersion in the helical slow_wave system is presented. The calculated results are compared with the experimental data.
Propagation of the short vector envelope solitons in a inhomogeneous medium with linear potential in coupled third–order nonlinear Shrodinger equations frame is considered. Explicit vector soliton solution is obtained. The explicit solution for the solitons trajectories is studied. In particular cases this solitons solution can be reduced as to the short scalar soliton solution on linear inhomogeneity profile, as to well – known Chen soliton solution.