The publication includes articles related to International scientific and practical conference dedicated to the interaction of the ruling elite and the systemic opposition in modern Russia and abroad, which was held in the Volga Institute of Management named after PA Stolypin (Saratov), 5-6 September 2012
This paper is devoted to the development in contemporary Russia of the institutes with mediator functions. Th e development on regional level (case of Sankt-Petersburg) of Public and Consultative Councils from one side and Institutes of Commissioners for human rights and for children rights are analyzed from comparative approach. Th e subjects of research are history of creation and development of this institutes, normative base, personal structure and results of its activities. The conclusions about realization of paternalistic or partner’s model of state-society relation in every cases are formulated.