Providing a legislative framework for the term of Illegal trafficking as an illegal and criminally punishable act is considered as a regulatory guide for its governmental counteraction. The author
demonstrates the need for the term of Illegal trafficking study due to recent criminal and customs laws changes in Russia. The article provides results of research on origins of the term of Illegal trafficking in Russian legislation. These results reveal that in the pre-revolutionary period the term was set in customs laws. Meanwhile, the author states that the term was used to describe any activity related to secret movement of goods across the customs border or despite them or to describe evasion of taxes
and custom duties. The Soviet customs law provided even wider definition of the illegal trafficking term. It also included a list of associated activities. Modern Russian legislation also defined the term differently. Besides, the term is used both in customs and criminal law. Since illegal trafficking in Russia is defined as criminally punishable act in customs law, the author closely studies interrelation between the criminal and customs legislation relating to illegal trafficking definition. The author states
that current criminal law definition can not be defined without customs regulations. The author also analyses customs legislation, points out its weaknesses and suggests ways of optimization.
In the article the author makes a short description of main aspects of law enforcement activities of the customs service in the USA. The author analyze the main types of violation of the law, show competence of customs services with solving this crimes with mentioning of features of the customs investigation.
Defining the role of the customs authorities in the process of economic globalization, the isolation and analysis of Smuggling in Soviet Russia, which took place in large volumes as a consequence of the nationalization of foreign trade.
In this paper we analyze the legal framework of customs relations in Soviet Russia with summarizing. Identified problematic aspects of the functioning of customs in a monopoly on foreign trade, flourishing smuggling and the practice of levying customs duties.