Число абортов в России устойчиво снижается
The Chapter is devoted to the analysis of the current situation in the field of fertility and family planning in Russia against the background of long-term evolution of the main demographic processes. Special attention is paid to the results of the 2015 micro-census.
The section contains an analysis of the current situation in the field of fertility and family planning in Russia against the background of long-term evolution of demographic processes. The possibilities of international databases and information systems for comparative studies of demographic trends and demographic policy in Russia and other countries are considered.
In 2019, the world celebrates the 25th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo. The conference launched a demographic policy shift from state interests to human rights, including the right to reproductive health. The article discusses the current situation in the field of birth control in Russia based on the approach developed by the Cairo Conference. We show that the Russian Federation is no longer a global leader in the number of abortions, and at younger ages, reproductive behavior differs little from other developed countries. The accessibility and expansion of the contraceptive market have played a leading role in reducing the number of induced abortions. Despite the position of some pressure groups and attempts to limit reproductive rights, government abortion policies remain liberal. The observed improvement in reproductive health is not a significant demographic reserve in terms of population growth, but it is of great importance for the quality of life of the population.