Reconsolidation and сognitive novelty
Bulava A., Alexandrov Y.
, , et al., Advances in Neurobiology 2018 Vol. 21 P. 1-33
Despite the years of studies in the field of systems neuroscience, functions of neural circuits and behavior-related systems are still not entirely clear. The systems description of brain activity has recently been associated with cognitive concepts, e.g. a cognitive map, reconstructed via place-cell activity analysis and the like, and a cognitive schema, modeled in consolidation ...
Added: November 13, 2018
Менеджмент интеллекта: проблемы развития метакогнитивных способностей обучающегося в течение всей жизни
, , , Цифровой ученый: лаборатория философа 2018 Т. 1 № 1 С. 50-66
The presented paper brings up an issue on metacognitive regulation of learning processes and possibilities to develop learners’ metacognitive skills. Metacognition as the knowledge on qualities of cognitive process and ability to manage intellectual activities is a burning issue in the context of the lifelong learning concept. Stakeholders of educational process and their current interests, ...
Added: January 1, 2020
, Историко-педагогический журнал 2016 № 3 С. 131-153
Ancient Chinese pedagogical tradition has a great impact on Chinese and worldwide pedagogical thought. However, Chinese script ambiguity and particularities together with different interpretations of Confucius terms imply great obscurity of Chinese pedagogy. ...
Added: February 9, 2017
The network approach to assess the structure of knowledge: Storage, distribution and retrieval as three measures in analysing concept maps
, , , British Journal of Educational Technology 2020 Vol. 51 No. 6 P. 2573-2590
We present three new standardised network concept map (CM) measures that can provide unique information about learning‐related progress, which cannot be determined from previously known measures. Grounded in cognitive development theory on the one hand, and network theory on the other hand, our measures reveal how knowledge is stored, distributed and retrieved. We validated the ...
Added: July 28, 2020
, , Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2021 Т. 14 № 78
Recently, the idea of beneficial effect of perceptually disfluent, poorly legible fonts on memory has been actively discussed. Among the explanations for the positive effect is the "desirable difficulties" approach, according to which the disfluent fonts affect metacognitive processes while reading. Such interruption is thought to promote better information processing compared to ordinary, fluent fonts. ...
Added: August 29, 2021
IOE Press, 2015
Added: February 9, 2018
, , et al., Journal of Analytical Psychology 2020 Vol. 65 No. 3 P. 476-496
As shown in our previous paper (‘Regression I. Experimental approaches to regression’, JAP, 65, 2, 345-65), the common mechanism of regression can be described as reversible dedifferentiation, which is understood as a relative increase of the proportion of low-differentiated (older) systems in actualized experience. Experimental data show that regression following disease (chronic tension headache) is followed by adaptation and an ...
Added: December 28, 2020
The acquisition of new word meaning by auditory-motor associations in a trial-and-error learning paradigm
, , et al., Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2018 Vol. 15 No. 2 P. 257-267
According to embodied cognition theory, speech is largely based on the body motor and sensory experience. The question that is crucial for our understanding of the origin of language is how our brain transforms sensory-motor experience into word meaning. We have developed an auditory-motor experimental procedure that allowed investigating neural underpinning of word meaning acquisition ...
Added: September 12, 2018
Когнитивные и образовательные эффекты системы развивающего обучения Д.Б. Эльконина-В.В. Давыдова: возможности и ограничения
, Культурно-историческая психология 2020 Т. 16 № 4 С. 14-25
Система развивающего обучения Д.Б. Эльконина - В.В. Давыдова прошла большой путь, от экспериментальной программы до широкого признания в начальных школах России. В статье анализируются исследование, посвященные доказательствам эффективности системы развивающего обучения по показателям когнитивного развития и сформированности учебной деятельности. Выделены четыре основных категории результатов, по которым были обнаружены публикации отечественных исследователей - различия детей из ...
Added: September 6, 2020
Semax, synthetic ACTH(4-10) analogue, attenuates behavioural and neurochemical alterations following early-life fluvoxamine exposure in white rats
, , et al., Neuropeptides 2021 No. 86 Article 102114
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are commonly used to treat depression during pregnancy. SSRIs cross the placenta and may influence the maturation of the foetal brain. Clinical and preclinical findings suggest long-term consequences of SSRI perinatal exposure for the offspring. The mechanisms of SSRI effects on developing brain remain largely unknown and there are no ...
Added: February 3, 2021
, , et al., The role of labels in learning statistically dense and statistically sparse categories / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2015. No. 35.
Subjects were given classic category formation tasks with a feedback. We used two types of categories - so called statistically dense and statistically sparse categories. We conducted two experiments to assess the influence of sign's type (experiment 1) and the interference of the redundant actions performed with the sign (experiment 2) on the performance of ...
Added: April 6, 2015
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Learning and Intelligent Optimization, 14th International Conference on Learning and Intelligent Optimization (LION 2020)
, , Switzerland: Springer, 2020
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings on Learning and Intelligent Optimization, LION 14, held in Athens, Greece, in May 2020. The 37 full papers presented together with one invited paper have been carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. LION deals with designing and engineering ways of "learning" about the performance of different techniques, and ways ...
Added: September 2, 2020
, , Journal of Mathematical Economics 2019 Vol. 83 P. 11-18
We analyze the convergence of opinions or beliefs in a general social network with non-Bayesian agents. We provide a new sufficient condition under which opinions converge to consensus and the condition is significantly more permissive than that of Lorenz (2005). This condition, which depends on properties of the network, requires agents to incorporate others’ opinions ...
Added: January 20, 2020
, , , Soviet education 1986 Vol. 28 No. 7 P. 8-12
This work will familiarize the teacher with contemporary Soviet psychology's progress to date in the study and shaping of the motivation to learn. ...
Added: November 21, 2013
, , В кн.: Универсальные компетентности и новая грамотность: от лозунгов к реальности. .: Национальный исследовательский университет "Высшая школа экономики", 2020.. Гл. 12. С. 371-394.
Глава описывает новую разновидность универсальной грамотности в области работы с информацией — программирование. Разъясняется, почему программирование сегодня необходимо всем и каким образом лучше развивать навыки программирования. Программирование — это вид инструментальной грамотности: речь идет об использовании знаковой системы и инструментов для взаимодействия в формате «человек — машина». В отличие от рассмотренной в главе 13 экологической грамотности, ...
Added: October 14, 2020
, , , Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences 2017 Vol. 21 No. 4 P. 391-406
Walter Freeman's work emphasises the role of individual activity and intentionality as opposed to the traditional stimulus-reaction view and the machine metaphor. The results of our computer modeling studies suggest the nonlinear dynamics of experience emerging from perception-action cycles. We consider the perception-action cycle as a behavioral continuum of anticipated outcomes of actions. Neuroscientific research ...
Added: October 23, 2017
, , et al., Cortex 2016 Vol. 83 No. October P. 1-16
Research into neurobiological mechanisms of morphosyntactic processing of language has suggested specialised systems for decomposition and storage, which are used flexibly during the processing of complex polymorphemic words (such as those formed through affixation, e.g., boy + s = noun + plural marker or boy + ish = noun plus attenuator). However, neural underpinnings of acquisition of novel morphology are still unknown. We implicitly trained our participants ...
Added: September 9, 2016
University Students’ Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Russia: A Focus on Learning and Everyday Life
, , Seminar.net 2012 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 27-53
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on ...
Added: May 16, 2012
Алкоголизация как условие регрессии при научении и при просоциальном поведении // Вопросы психологии. 2017. №3. С. 80-91.
, , et al., Вопросы психологии 2017 № 3 С. 80-91
Alcoholism as a cause of regression in learning and in pro-social behavior Alexandrov Yu.I., Svarnik O.Ye., Znamenskaya I.I., Arutiunova K.R., Kolbeneva M.G., Krylov A.K., Bulava A.N. Despite a long history of the notion of regression, its manifestations and mechanisms are still poorly researched, specific experimental studies are rare, points of view conflict. A study was conducted to discover dynamics of subjective experience and brain activity lying ...
Added: January 30, 2018
, , et al., , in: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops CAiSE 2021 International Workshops, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, June 28 – July 2, 2021, Proceedings. Vol. 423: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Issue Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops.: Switzerland: Springer, 2021.. Ch. 1. P. 5-16.
Added: June 16, 2021
The Internet poses not only great opportunities but also many challenges for university learning. Filtering and processing enormous amounts of information is a challenge for all students. Relying on the first few search hits and avoiding contradictory information, they may overlook or ignore facts and well-founded knowledge in the vast masses of information. To reduce ...
Added: October 16, 2021
, , The presence of images does not moderate the disfluency effect / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2021. No. 127.
The disfluency effect is an improvement in the retention of information if its processing is difficult. Disfluency is usually attained by changing perceptual characteristics, and in the case of texts, fonts are made less legible. The disfluency effect has been demonstrated in several studies, but the number of unsuccessful replications is significantly higher. Among the ...
Added: November 10, 2021
, , Вестник Пермского национального исследовательского политехнического университета. Проблемы языкознания и педагогики 2014 № 8(50) С. 27-37
The article considers briefly the theory of types, developed by C.G. Jung, that could serve as a theoretical basis for determinimg the most efficient learning style. The article also touches upon the basic scales of learning styles and their applicability in modern models of teaching foreing languages. ...
Added: March 6, 2015