Научно-техническая революция ХХ столетия
This article gives an overview of the historical and economical factors that lead to the enlargement of the European Union competence in the field of research and development. Evolution of the economic theory and transition to exogenous model of economic growth increased the role of public involvement. This thesis is supported by basic doctrinal works in this filed. Main sources of the European Union competence are analyzed as well. This includes Treaties, Regulations and Directives and some relevant (to authors point of view) ECJ decisions.